The recommended daily intake of vitamin D is 800 IU per day
Vitamin D can be supplemented with natural as well as fortified food sources
Take oral supplements or intramuscular injection for low levels of vitamin D
Vitamin D is fat-soluble and contrary to popular belief, you do not get vitamin D from the sun. Rather, it is produced in your skin as response to sunlight received, which is why it is also referred to as the sunshine vitamin.
There are also a very limited number of vitamin D rich foods that we consume. Vitamin D is divided into two components: vitamin D2 or ergocalciferol, and vitamin D3 or cholecalciferol. Vitamin D3 is only found in foods with an animal source, while D2 is mainly found in either foods that are fortified with it or via plant sources.
The recommended daily intake (RDI) for vitamin D is 400–800 international units (IU). Children, teens and adults up to the age of 70 should receive 600 IUs, while adults over the age of 70 require a minimum of 800 IUs.
Also Read: Importance of Vitamin C
Some of the supplements and sources of vitamin D include:
Most doctors recommend Vitamin D deficiency treatment with oral supplements or intramuscular injections. For those with very low levels, a cholecalciferol or D3 injection of 6,00,000 IU is advised and is usually given once a year. This is often followed up with oral supplements as per prescriptions from your doctor. If your levels are not extremely low, your doctor may only advise oral supplements to be taken once a week for about 8-12 weeks.
Some of the oral supplements available in the Indian market are:
It is important to remember not to consume any oral supplement without a consultation and prescription from your doctor.