Diabetes

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes: How are they different?

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are widespread in India

Both types differ with regards to insulin production and utilisation

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes can be managed with medication, diet and exercise

May 25th, 2021
3 mins read
difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is largely a lifestyle disease, brought on by a high-pressure, fast-paced life, characterised by minimal or nil physical activity, poor diet and obesity. In India, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are most prevalent, and when you delay their diagnosis or management, they can cause complications. So, familiarise yourself with the difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes to address them better.  

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes: Broad differences

Type 1 diabetes is defined by a complete absence or lack of insulin in the body. This is because of an auto-immune response where your body’s immune system attacks the cells in your pancreas, which are responsible for insulin production. Type 1 diabetes develops mostly in children, but in rare cases, may impact adults too. Type 1 diabetes patients have to inject insulin or use a  type 1 diabetes insulin pump. 

Additional Read: Know more about Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes

In type 2 diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, your body produces insulin insufficiently, or is not able to use insulin optimally. In case of the latter, your pancreas are likely to produce even more insulin. Courtesy of unutilised insulin, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream. Lifestyle factors lead to type 2 diabetes, which mainly affects those who are middle-aged or older. Type 2 diabetes is treated via GLP 1 analog medication, along with exercise and diet control. 

type 1 and type 2 diabetes difference

Difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms 

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms aren’t vastly different from one another. Key signs to watch out for include excessive thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, and weight loss. Type 1 diabetes weight loss is especially sudden. Patients may also experience fatigue, nausea, blurry vision, dizziness, irritability and slow healing of cuts and wounds.  

The difference lies in how these symptoms manifest themselves. It is important to check in with a specialist to manage diabetes periodically and follow a low GI foods diet plan.

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