NUTRITION

What is a Pescatarian Diet and What are its Benefits?

A pescatarian diet combines a vegetarian diet and a seafood diet

Pescatarians eat vegetables, fruits, fish, eggs, dairy, and shellfish

Pescatarian meals may help lower your diabetes and inflammation

B
Bajaj Finserv Health
November 17th, 2021
10 mins read

A pescatarian is someone who combines a vegetarian diet with a seafood diet but doesn’t eat meat. Pescatarians share some common food habits with vegetarians. They consume vegetables, fruits, nuts, eggs, dairy, and grains. However, the major difference is that pescatarian meals contain fish and other seafood.

There are different reasons why you may choose to be a pescatarian. Some may add fish to a vegetarian diet so that they benefit from a plant-based diet and have healthy fish too. Others may go for it as a matter of taste or for environmental reasons. Some people follow a pescatarian vegan diet too!

Today, people across the world are adopting a pescatarian diet by adding fish and shellfish to a vegetarian diet [1]. Seafood is a source of protein for pescatarians. Read on to learn more about what pescatarians eat and see a pescatarian food list that’s great for health.

Additional Read: 6 Delicious Non-Dairy Milks to Include in Your Diet for Good Health!

What foods does a pescatarian eat?

Here are some foods that a pescatarian eats [6].

  • Fruit
  • Vegetables
  • Eggs
  • Dairy, including yogurt, milk, and cheese
  • Fresh fish, such as salmon, pollock, catfish, and sardines
  • Fresh shellfish, such as shrimp, clams, and scallops
  • Canned sardines, canned salmon, canned tuna
  • Frozen salmon, trout, and herring, frozen shrimp
  • Whole grains and grain products
  • Legumes, including kidney beans, pinto beans, and peas
  • Legume products, including tofu and hummus
  • Seeds, such as flaxseeds, hemp seeds, and chia
  • Nuts and nut butter, peanuts and seeds
  • Cereals and whole grains, including oats, wheat, amaranth, corn, and rice
  • Pseudo grains such as quinoa and buckwheat, which are gluten-free

What are the benefits of a pescatarian diet?

Boosts heart health

Fish such as salmon, sardines, and mackerel are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. This is an unsaturated fat beneficial for your health. Fish is also a good source of protein. Studies found that two servings of fish a week may help your heart. A pescatarian diet helps:

    • lower blood pressure
    • lower the risk of abnormal heart rhythms
    • reduce the risk of heart attacks

Pescatarian meals also include plant foods. A study reported that those who have a vegetarian diet have a reduced risk of coronary artery disease [2]. A vegetarian diet can also reverse atherosclerotic plaques [3] when followed along with exercise and stress management.

Protect against cancer

To lower your chances of getting cancer, limit eating red meat or cut it out of your diet completely. Instead, adopting a pescatarian diet may help protect against cancers that affect the colon and rectum. Colorectal cancers are one of the leading causes of death from cancer. A study found that a pescatarian diet had a protective effect against colorectal cancers [4]. Another study reported that a pescatarian lives longer than those who include red meat and poultry in their diet.

Lowers diabetes and inflammation

Omega-3s present in fatty fish may lower inflammation. Also, plant-based foods are rich in anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents such as flavonoids. These natural compounds have anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties. A vegetarian diet can lower the risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndromes such as:

  • high blood pressure
  • insulin resistance
  • obesity

A study reported that those who follow the pescatarian diet have the highest amount of flavonoid intake [5].

What are the drawbacks of a pescatarian diet?

Although there are not many drawbacks, some fish, especially larger ones contain mercury and other toxins. Some such fish include shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish. All these fish contain moderate to a high amount of mercury. Mercury is a heavy metal that affects your health, especially in children and babies. So, young children and pregnant women should avoid fish high in mercury. If you are a pescatarian, consume low mercury fish such as salmon, tuna, sardines, and lake trout.

Additional Read: What are Macronutrients and How Important are They for your Health?

Whether you are a vegetarian, non-vegetarian, or a pescatarian, eating a well-balanced diet is necessary for good health. You should also follow a healthy lifestyle and keep track of your health. One way to do this is to book an online doctor consultation or lab test on Bajaj Finserv Health. This way, you can track health risks before they become worse and address any issues with ease. You can also talk to a dietician about the benefits of taking up a pescatarian diet on your journey towards better health.

Please note that this article is solely meant for informational purposes and Bajaj Finserv Health Limited (“BFHL”) does not shoulder any responsibility of the views/advice/information expressed/given by the writer/reviewer/originator. This article should not be considered as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always consult with your trusted physician/qualified healthcare professional to evaluate your medical condition. The above article has been reviewed by a qualified doctor and BFHL is not responsible for any damages for any information or services provided by any third party.

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