General Health

All About Tooth Cavities: Symptoms, Risks, Treatment and More

Tooth decay is a common problem faced by many and this tends to boil down to poor oral hygiene

Tooth cavities symptoms are usually quite easy to spot and hence, you can get treated quickly

Baby or adult, everyone deserves to have their teeth checked regularly

March 2nd, 2021
3 mins read

Tooth decay is a common problem faced by many and this tends to boil down to poor oral hygiene. You are likely to into dental issues if you neglect oral care and aren’t mindful of the things you consume during the day. The presence of a tooth with cavities is the culmination of several factors that badly impact dental health, such as the consumption of sugary drinks. When there is tooth decay, the symptoms will shortly follow. Luckily, tooth cavities symptoms are usually quite easy to spot and hence, you can get treated quickly. Tooth cavities home remedies can, in fact, help during tooth decay early stages, but these should be seen as stop-gap solutions rather than permanent fixes.

Fixing tooth decay is important to maintaining optimal oral health and failing to do so can lead to serious complications. You could expose yourself to problems such as a tooth abscess, tooth loss, and even life-threatening conditions. To help you realise the gravity of tooth decay, here is a breakdown of the well-known tooth decay reasons, alongside a note on the common symptoms and tooth decay treatments.

What is a tooth with cavities?

A tooth with cavities will have undergone permanent damage that gives rise to tiny openings. These holes gradually become larger when left untreated. As these cavities form, the tooth weakens and becomes susceptible to all types of infections, which are accompanied by a range of symptoms. Tooth decay and cavities are among the most common health problems faced by people around the world.

What are common tooth decay causes?

The primary cause of tooth decay is the formation of dental plaque. This is a sticky film that forms on the tooth over time. Typically, it forms due to a combination of a diet filled with sugars and starches and poor oral hygiene. Once the plaque has coated the tooth, it begins to attack the enamel with acid. As such, tiny openings are formed, and the bacteria are now able to access a deeper layer of the tooth known as dentin.

Once the cavities are formed, the decay begins to worsen, causing damage to the dentin and pulp. This is how tooth decay takes place and, in addition to the plaque, there are other factors that put you at risk of developing a cavity. They are as follows:

  • Heartburn
  • Frequent snacking
  • Dry mouth
  • Bedtime-feeding
  • Age
  • Eating disorders
  • Improper brushing technique
  • Poor oral hygiene

The location of the tooth is another factor, which is one of the reasons for wisdom tooth cavities. Generally, decay occurs in the back teeth or those with a lot of grooves and pits. These are much harder to clean and are at a higher risk of decay.

What are the tooth decay types?

Decay starts at the level of the enamel and then works its way into the innermost parts of the tooth. However, tooth decay can also be classified as per the location of the decay. Accordingly, here are the major types of tooth decay:

  1. Root Cavities
  2. Pit and Fissure Cavities
  3. Smooth-Surface Cavities

What are the different tooth decay stages?

There are 5 main stages in which tooth decay progresses in a tooth.

Stage 1: Initial demineralization

Stage 2: Enamel decay

Stage 3: Dentin decay

Stage 4: Pulp damage

Stage 5: Abscess

In stage 5, the decay has advanced to the pulp and this is where the infection takes its hold. The pain experienced at this stage may be felt through the entire jaw and the abscess can cause a swelling too. This infection can spread to the other parts of the head and neck, so it best to get it treated beforehand.

What are the common tooth decay symptoms?

Tooth cavities symptoms are quite easy to identify and start with mild discomfort in the mouth. This gets worse and here are the symptoms you should expect to experience.

  • Pain when you bite
  • Random bouts of toothache, sometimes without reason
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Sharp pain when eating hot, cold or overly sweet food
  • Holes in the teeth
  • Surface staining on the teeth

What to expect during tooth cavities treatment?

Depending on the severity, dental treatments for a tooth cavity are as follows.

  • Tooth fillings
  • Dental sealants
  • Root canal treatment
  • Crown

What are reliable tooth decay natural remedies?

Home remedies shouldn’t be seen as a permanent fix for tooth decay and should be employed only to manage the pain or prevent further decay. Common tooth decay natural remedies are as follows:

  • Consume foods rich in vitamin D
  • Avoid sugary foods as much as possible
  • Consider oil pulling
  • Use liquorice root extract
  • Buy a fluoride toothpaste
  • Chew sugar-free gum

What are some tooth decay prevention practices to employ?

Take a look at the ways in which you can prevent tooth decay:

  • Maintain regular dental appointments
  • Try fluoride treatments
  • Brush your teeth after large meals
  • Rinse your mouth regularly
  • Don’t snack or sip on sugary foods and drinks
  • Floss regularly
  • Eat calcium-rich foods
  • Don’t eat around bedtime
  • Use a toothpaste with fluoride

When you notice them, promptly dealing with tooth cavities symptoms should be your priority. If you don’t get care immediately, you may have to remove the tooth entirely and tooth extraction may land up being costlier to treat, apart from being inconvenient. This is why you shouldn’t delay getting treatment for tooth decay. Baby or adult, everyone deserves to have their teeth checked regularly, even as it is helpful to have tooth decay home remedies at your disposal for quick relief. To ensure that you get professional help for tooth decay when you need it, simply use the Bajaj Finserv Health App.

Loaded with telemedicine features, this app allows you to access dental care with ease. With it, you can find the best dentists in your city and book appointments at their clinics online. This eliminates the need to make physical visits or wait for hours to get an appointment. What’s more, this app enables you to avail remote care as you can use it to virtually consult with your doctor over video. As such, you can always rely on quality medical care, even if you can’t make a physical visit. Moreover, you can use the health library to inform yourself on how to go about tooth decay treatment at home. To access these benefits and more, download the app for free from Google Play or the Apple App Store today.

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