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Coronary artery disease occurs when your coronary arteries become narrow or are blocked by the buildup of plaque. Coronary arteries are blood vessels that supply blood, oxygen, and nutrients essential for your heart. When these arteries become narrow due to the buildup of fatty substances, it can lead to heart attack symptoms that can prove fatal. Coronary artery disease is also known as ischemic heart disease or coronary heart disease.
In India, the prevalence of coronary heart disease has ranged from 1% to 13.2% in the urban population over the past decades. In fact, ours is among the top countries with the highest number of cardiovascular diseases . As per a study, ischemic heart disease and stroke contribute to the most CVD mortality cases in India . There are certain treatments for such types of heart disease. Read on to know more!
Additional Read: How Smoking Affects Heart
You may not feel the symptoms initially as plaque build-up happens over the course of time. When your arteries become narrow, the heart pumps harder to circulate blood throughout the body and you may notice the following signs.
Women may notice slightly different symptoms such as:
All these are heart attack symptoms that you need to address immediately. If left untreated, these can further damage your coronary arteries and lead to massive heart attacks.
When the build-up of plaque damages the inner layers of a coronary artery, it results in this condition. This damage further results in the deposition of fatty substances in the injured area. These deposits include cholesterol and several inflammatory products from your cells. When this plaque ruptures, you can see a formation of platelets in the area for repairing the blood vessel. This reduces the flow of blood thereby causing a heart attack.
Be cautious about these coronary artery disease risk factors :
Unless it is an emergency like heart attack, your cardiologist will discuss your symptoms, review your medical history and assess your risk factors. After this, the doctor will perform a physical examination. Next, you may need to undergo different diagnostic tests.
You may have to undergo certain imaging tests to check how well your heart is functioning. These tests include:
After diagnosis, your doctor may discuss the right treatment strategy for you. Follow a proper treatment plan so that you can reduce the risk of this condition and other heart ailments. Lifestyle modifications are the most important changes you need to make. These are a few tips you can follow:
You can also take medication to reduce your cholesterol, blood pressure and blood clots. Doctors may also use certain non-surgical procedures to reduce plaque build-up and blocks.
Additional Read: How To Quit Smoking
A healthy lifestyle can lower the risk of coronary artery disease. Eat healthy fruits for heart like strawberries and blueberries, quit smoking, stay physically active, and perform yoga for heart health. As part of preventive care, book an online medical consultation on Bajaj Finserv Health. You can also book a test for heart disease on the platform and keep your health under check.
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