Lazy Eye: Symptoms, Type, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Lazy Eye: Symptoms, Type, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Bajaj Finserv Health
September 02, 20225 mins read

Synopsis

Lazy eye, also called amblyopia. Deprivation amblyopia is the most common type of lazy eye and is caused by a trauma or injury to the eye that prevents the eye from developing proper vision. A lazy eye is a condition in which the eye muscles are unable to work together properly, which can cause the eye to drift out of alignment. 

Key Takeaways

  • In a lazy eye, the eye cannot focus properly on an object
  • If you suspect you or your child has a lazy eye, seek diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible
  • In most cases, a lazy eye is caused by an imbalance in the muscles that control the eye

A lazy eye, also called amblyopia, is a condition in which the vision in one eye is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working properly together. The condition usually develops in early childhood and can lead to permanent vision loss if not treated. In a lazy eye, the eye is not able to focus properly on an object. As a result, the brain ignores the signals from that eye, and the child learns to see only from the other eye. This condition is most common in children and usually develops before the age of five. If you suspect your child has a lazy eye, it's important to seek diagnosis and treatment as early as possible. This article will explain the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of the Lazy eye. 

Lazy Eye Causes

There are several possible causes of lazy eye, including genetics, premature birth, and health conditions like diabetes. [1] In most cases, a lazy eye is caused by an imbalance in the muscles that control the eye. Here are some of the causes that lead to lazy eye. 

Strabismus 

Strabismus, commonly known as crossed eyes, is a condition in which the eyes are not correctly aligned. Strabismus is a common condition, affecting approximately 4% of the population. [2] There are several possible causes of strabismus, but the most common cause is an imbalance of the muscles that control eye movement. This can be due to a problem with the nerves that control the muscles, a problem with the muscles themselves, or a problem with the way the brain processes visual information. Strabismus can be a difficult condition to deal with, both emotionally and physically. If you or someone you know has strabismus, many resources are available for help.

Refractive Error 

The most common cause of lazy eye is a refractive error. This occurs when the eye is unable to focus properly on objects. It can be caused by an imbalance in the eye muscles, an obstruction in the eye, or a problem with the nerves that connect the eye and the brain.  

Deprivation Amblyopia   

Deprivation amblyopia occurs when a trauma or injury to the eye prevents the eye from developing proper vision. The condition can also be caused by a blockage in the eye that prevents light from reaching the retina.  

Lazy Eye treatements

Lazy Eye Symptoms 

Difficulty Focusing on Objects

A person with a Lazy eye has weak eye muscles, which makes it difficult to focus on objects. As a result, people with this condition may see double or blurry images. If neglected, it can cause permanent vision loss. It is a condition in which the eye muscles are unable to work together properly, which can cause the eye to drift out of alignment. This can cause a lot of eye strain, as the eyes work harder to keep the image in focus.

Additional Read: Eye Strain: Causes and Symptoms

Reduced Vision in the Affected Eye

This can happen if:

  • The eye is crossed
  • One eye is more farsighted than the other or nearsightedness
  • There is a difference in the length of the eyeballs 

Difficulty Seeing in Low Light 

A lazy eye can make it difficult to see in low light. It occurs when the vision in one eye is significantly lower than the one in the other. This can cause night blindness and the eye to have difficulty seeing in low light, as it cannot focus properly.

Additional Read: Night Blindness: Causes and Symptoms

Different Types of Lazy Eye 

  • Refractive amblyopia occurs when the eye is not able to focus properly
  • Strabismic amblyopia occurs when the eyes are not aligned properly

Lazy Eye Diagnosis 

It is treatable, but it is important to seek treatment early. The earlier a lazy eye is detected and treated, the better the chance for a child to regain normal vision.

Early diagnosis and lazy eye treatment are important to prevent permanent vision loss. If you suspect your child may have a lazy eye, get a doctor consultation and evaluation as soon as possible. With early diagnosis and treatment, lazy eyes can be resolved, and vision loss can be prevented.

Lazy Eye

How is Lazy Eye Diagnosed? 

It is usually diagnosed in early childhood but can also be diagnosed in adults. To diagnose it, the doctor will conduct a comprehensive eye exam. This exam will assess the clarity of vision in each eye and test the eyes for any potential underlying conditions. If the doctor suspects that a lazy eye is present, they may recommend that the child see a pediatric ophthalmologist for further testing.

What are the Risks of Late Diagnosis? 

There are several risks associated with a late diagnosis of lazy eye.  

  1. The condition can become more severe, leading to more permanent vision loss. 
  2.  Late diagnosis can also make treatment more difficult.  
  3. Adults with lazy eyes may be at increased risk for developing other vision problems, such as cataracts.

Lazy Eye Treatment

Fortunately, it can be treated with eyeglasses, contact lenses, patching, and surgery. If your child has a lazy eye, get a doctor consultation for the best treatment options.

Additional Read: A guide to Yoga for eyes

A lazy eye affects the vision in one or both eyes primarily due to an imbalance in the muscles that control the eye. The symptoms include blurred or double vision and reduced depth perception. Although not to worry, you can visit an ophthalmologist for diagnosis and treatment, typically including glasses, eye patching, and vision therapy.

Remember, maintaining good health is important. But sometimes, we fall sick and need medical help. That's why Bajaj Finserv Health is here for you with comprehensive health insurance plans to get you the treatment you need without worrying about finances. You can also consult a doctor near you from the comfort of your home. If you want to protect yourself from any disease, you can avail of medical insurance.

Lazy Eye: Symptoms, Type, Diagnosis, and Treatment banner
  1. https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-conditions/eyes-and-vision/lazy-eye/causes.html
  2. https://ophthalmologyltd.com/the-eye/eye-disorders/strabismus/

Please note that this article is solely meant for informational purposes and Bajaj Finserv Health Limited (“BFHL”) does not shoulder any responsibility of the views/advice/information expressed/given by the writer/reviewer/originator. This article should not be considered as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always consult with your trusted physician/qualified healthcare professional to evaluate your medical condition. The above article has been reviewed by a qualified doctor and BFHL is not responsible for any damages for any information or services provided by any third party.

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