We all know what a sore throat is but medically it can be divided into 3 types
Mild sore throats can be easily treated with the help of a few home remedies
Most of the sore throats caused by viral infections get better in two to 5 days but one should seek help if it persists
That scratchy, painful, dry and irritating feeling with difficulty to swallow is an experience we all have had minimum once in our life. We all know it is the sore throat but medically it can be divided into 3 types, depending upon the area it affects.
The most common type amongst these is the Pharyngitis. Sore throats are very common during monsoon and winter season and are caused by viral infections such as the common cold, the flu, mumps, measles and chickenpox. Bacterial infections can also cause sore throat, amongst which, strep throat is the most common; one caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. Allergies, dry air, chemicals, smoke and straining your throat muscles due to yelling or speaking for a long time can irritate the throat as well and cause a sore throat.
Apart from the sore throat, Pharyngitis can have associated symptoms depending upon the illness causing it:
There are many risk factors associated causing the sore throat, which includes:
When you go to your doctor, they mostly assess your presenting symptoms, along with it they check your back of the throat for redness, swelling and white patches. The doctor might also feel the sides of your neck to see if you have swollen glands. Breathing might also be assessed with a stethoscope.
If your doctor suspects you to have a Strep throat, he might ask you to get a throat culture to confirm it. If the test comes out to be positive, it is likely to be the bacterial infection i.e. strep throat. In this case, he prescribes you with a course of antibiotics to treat the strep throat and to prevent further complications. It is imperative to complete the course as suggested by your practitioner. If the test comes out to be negative, it is more likely to be caused by a viral agent.
If the obvious diagnosis is not made, the practitioner might refer you to a specialist which treats conditions of ears, nose and throat (E.N.T surgeon or an otolaryngologist).
The only possible means to prevent the occurrence of sore throat is improving the immunity and avoid getting sick. Follow these below tips to do so:
Mild sore throats can be easily treated with the help of a few home remedies. These may not instantly cure it but will surely provide good relief. Try a few tips like:
One can follow a few of the above tips to prevent the occurrence of a sore throat if susceptible to during certain seasons.
Most of the sore throats caused by viral infections get better in two to 5 days. Although one should not wait to see a doctor if presenting with the following symptoms:
Your medical practitioner shall help rule out other conditions and give a confirm diagnosis.
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