A prostate-specific antigen test tracks the prostate-specific antigen via your blood sample. As per research, the average PSA levels in India are lower compared to Western standards . To understand this test a little better, keep in mind that the prostate gland’s main purpose is to create a fluid that becomes a part of the semen along with other fluids and sperm. Low PSA levels are normal in men, while high levels can signify certain health conditions.
The results of the prostate-specific antigen test are reported as nanograms of prostate specific antigens per millimeter of blood. Earlier, 4.0 ng/ml or below was considered the PSA test normal range. However, studies show you can have prostate cancer with prostate-specific antigen levels below 4.0 ng/ml. It is also possible that your prostate-specific antigen test results are between 4 and 10 ng/ml, but you do not have prostate cancer . Read on to understand more about the prostate-specific antigen and the PSA test normal range.
Prostate cancer is a common problem, and men above the age of 50 are at greater risk for it . By noticing its symptoms such as problems in urination or blood in urine, getting the prostate specific antigen test is a good move. It helps you detect such cancers before they worsen or spread and increases the chance of proper treatment. In this regard, the prostate-specific antigen test can be performed to:
When diagnosing prostate cancer, it is possible that doctors conduct more than one test. So, in addition to the PSA test, a DRE (digital rectal examination) may also be required. Abnormal test results can further lead to a biopsy.
The limitations of the prostate-specific antigen test include:
The test may not always provide results that point to a correct diagnosis, as an elevated PSA level does not always mean you have cancer. In some cases, it is possible for people with prostate cancer to also have a normal PSA test range.
PSA tests often point toward prostate cancers that may not affect your life in any way. This overdiagnosis can be a common result of this test, so be aware of this fact.
Some medicines, such as those prescribed for benign prostatic hypertrophy, incontinence, chemotherapy, or bladder conditions, can reduce PSA. Being overweight or obese can also do the same. The prostate-specific antigen test doesn’t take the above into account.
Age, infected or enlarged prostate can also lead to a surge in PSA levels apart from cancer. These two are not taken into account by the test.
Your doctor can help you understand your prostate-specific antigen test results and inform you whether you need a biopsy. Keeping this in mind, variations of PSA tests include the following.
Before taking a prostate-specific antigen test, talk to your doctor about what the prostate-specific antigen normal range will be for you. Discuss the risks and benefits of this health test men undergo when they have prostate issues. To do this with ease, you can book a doctor consultation on Bajaj Finserv Health and get answers to all your questions about the health of your prostate gland. On the platform or the Bajaj Finserv Health app, you can also opt for health insurance to protect your health and your finances. The Complete Health Solution plan, for instance, allows you to get coverage for lab tests, preventive health check-ups, OPD consultations, and more. So, sign up now and prioritize your health today!
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