COVID
May 25th, 2021
3 mins read

Your Ultimate Guide for Covid-19

The novel coronavirus was first recognised in December 2019

COVID-19 is structurally related to a virus that causes SARS

COVID-19 can infect infants, children, adults and the elderly

In late 2019, the world felt the first shockwaves of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19. By January 2020, it was declared as a global health emergency by the WHO’s Emergency Committee and by March 2020, it was declared as a pandemic. 

What is Covid-19? 

COVID-19 is a type of coronavirus, which is identified as SARS-CoV-2. Coronaviruses are a common kind of viral infection that affect the sinuses, upper throat and the nose. There are 7 types of such viruses, and some can cause severe disease. 

How does it spread? 

Generally, it is transmitted through close contact with the infected, which is by being closer than 6 feet of sick persons. It is spread through droplets released when the infected person breathes, talks, sneezes, coughs or sings. These droplets when inhaled by healthy persons cause the infection. Besides person-to-person transmission, COVID-19 is spread through the air. This is known as airborne transmission and is when droplets or aerosols remain in the air for extended periods of time. 

Additional Read: Critical care measures to take for COVID-19

COVID-19 symptoms 

  • Fever above 37.8C 
  • Cough 
  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting 
  • Diarrhea 

COVID-19 breathing problems include:

  • Shortness of breath 
  • Loss of smell 
  • Runny nose 

COVID-19 symptoms in old age or during severe infections include:

  • Confusion 
  • Excessive drowsiness 
  • Blue face or blue lips 
  • Great difficulty breathing 
  • Pressure in the chest 

Additional Read: Tips for COVID-19 care with existing medical conditions

Dos and don’ts when going for coronavirus testing 

Dos: 

  • Call the doctor before going for a test 
  • Monitor the symptoms of COVID-19, fever duration/temperature  
  • Keep your immune system strong 
  • Self-quarantine properly

Don’ts: 

  • Go for a test if you don’t have the symptoms 
  • Touch your eyes, nose, or mouth at a testing centre 
  • Ignore testing if you’ve been turned away due to a lack of provisions 

covid-19 testing

How to ensure safety from infection? 

  • Avoid close contact with anyone who may have symptoms or is sick 
  • Always maintain 6 feet from others 
  • Avoid any place with poor ventilation 
  • Wear a face mask in public 
  • Wash hands often and before you touch food or your face 
  • Use a sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol 
  • Practice good hygiene at all times 
  • Do not share good, glasses, bedding or any type of household items 

Additional Read: Everything to know about COVID-19 care

What are the precautions to follow? 

  • Disinfect any surfaces you intend to come in contact with 
  • Monitor health vitals daily 
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes 
  • Avoid crowded places at all costs 
  • Take the vaccination at the earliest 
  • Always wear a mask to cover your nose and mouth 

Curbing the spread and staying healthy are two tasks you can achieve with this information.

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