Kidneys, bean-shaped organs located in the lower back, are responsible for maintaining the delicate balance of minerals, chemicals, and pH levels in the blood and eliminating liquid waste from the blood in the form of urine. Damage to the kidneys, resulting in impairing their functions, can lead to the accumulation of waste in the body, causing diseases such as chronic kidney failure, kidney stones, and polycystic kidney disease. If left untreated, these conditions can prove to be life-threatening. The most common causes of kidney diseases are underlying conditions like diabetes and hypertension.
Chronic kidney disease afflicts about 10% of the world population. While the number of chronic kidney disease cases is incalculable, approximately 220,000 patients need a kidney transplant in India as per data in 2016, and the numbers are only increasing as India is only second to the USA in terms of the living kidney transplantation program.
While general practitioners (GPs) may treat common kidney conditions, they will refer you to a nephrologist in Delhi for severe, acute kidney diseases.
Nephrology deals with diagnosing and treating kidney health. A nephrologist in Delhi is a doctor who specialises in this field. A nephrologist primarily provides preventative care and treatment for renal damage. They also treat a host of other kidney-associated conditions, such as fluid retention, high blood pressure, and mineral imbalance. Nephrologists often work with patients referred by general practitioners. A nephrologist in Delhi is usually in-charge of the dialysis unit in a clinic or hospital. Visiting the top nephrologist in Delhi can help you ensure perfect kidney health. These specialists are aware of all medical advancements in kidney health and can prescribe a working treatment plan, providing comprehensive care.
Usually, your GP will recommend you to a nephrologist doctor on seeing signs of kidney conditions. Below are some of the reasons that warrant a visit to a nephrologist in Delhi.
Recurring kidney stones: Kidney stones are among the most common reasons to visit a nephrologist in Delhi. Kidney stones are mineral or salt deposits that can cause pain while passing urine. Excessive deposit of kidney stone in the urinary tract can affect the production of urine, leading to the retention of waste in the kidney. This, if left untreated, can eventually prove fatal. In the worst-case scenario, kidney stones can block the glomerular filtration process, lowering the kidneys' filtering capacity.
Persistent urinary tract infections: Recurring and chronic urinary tract infections warrant immediate medical attention, as this makes you susceptible to a range of kidney problems and conditions, including kidney and renal cancer. Chronic urinary tract infections increase the likelihood of the infection moving up to the kidneys and impairing their functions, causing permanent kidney damage and failure. The most common urinary tract infection symptoms include fever, a decrease in the production of urine, and fatigue.
Renal bone disease: Also known as mineral and bone disorder, this condition is characterised by pain in the bones and joints along with itchy skin. This is caused when the kidney cannot balance the necessary amount of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus in the body. This condition warrants immediate medical attention because, if left untreated, it can cause weak bones, blood vessels, and heart. If you see any of these symptoms, visit a nephrologist at the earliest.
Proteinuria: This condition is characterized by bubbly or foamy urine and indicates the presence of excess protein in the urine. Usually, there is a small amount of protein in the urine; however, bubbly or foamy urine suggests an alarming protein level in the body and causes symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and muscle cramping. If left untreated, it can lead to chronic kidney disease or kidney failure. A nephrologist in Delhi will conduct diagnostic blood tests to check the health of the kidneys.
Chronic kidney disease shows no symptoms until it has reached an advanced stage. Its symptoms in the later stages are mentioned below.
Vomiting in the morning and after eating
Swelling of the legs and around the eyes
Difficulty in breathing
Breath rife with urine-like odour
Brittle nails and hair
Mental fog and drowsiness
Unexplained weight loss and bone pain
Decreased libido and impotence
Sleeping problems like insomnia and sleep apnea
Restless leg syndrome
Patchy skin, uremic frost, and itching
he onset of sudden hiccups and presence of blood in stool
These symptoms are also common to other kidney diseases and problems. Therefore, it is best to visit a nephrologist in Delhi for the right diagnosis and treatment.
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