complications due to hypertension can be fatal as they can result in a stroke, blood clots and even heart failure
Besides foods high in sodium, there are other known causes for hypertension
Keeping your blood pressure in control enables you to live healthier for longer
Better known as the silent killer, hypertension is among a handful of health conditions with almost no obvious symptoms. In fact, the prevalence of hypertension in quite high amongst Indians and a study found that more than 50% were unaware of the diagnosis.
To add to that, the complications that arise due to hypertension can be fatal as they can result in a stroke, blood clots and even heart failure. For this reason, maintaining normal blood pressure is something you should work toward, even if you don’t have abnormal pressure at present.
To better understand the importance of optimal blood pressure control, here’s all you need to know about hypertension.
There are many risks of developing high blood pressure and many of these are likely to be the underlying cause. For instance, the older you are, the more likely you are to experience hypertension as the blood vessels become a lot less flexible. Similarly, genetic factors, ethnicity and high cholesterol also put you at risk of having hypertension.
There are also several known causes of high blood pressure. For instance, those with obstructive sleep apnea are linked to having hypertension as well. With this disorder, there is an involuntary pause in breathing due to a blocked airway. Another known cause is an unhealthy diet. Foods that are high in sodium and unsaturated fat content are likely to cause high blood pressure.
Besides these, the other known causes for hypertension are:
Additional Read: Types of Hypertension: How to manage and treat high blood pressure
Knowing how to differentiate between the symptoms of low blood pressure and those of hypertension is important to treating the problem. With low blood pressure, you’re likely to feel dehydrated, cold, depressed, lightheaded, and suffer from lack of concentration. However, the symptoms of high blood pressure are quite different, and indicate severity if they become noticeable. This is because hypertension doesn’t always present obvious symptoms and when it does, it usually requires immediate medical care.
Common symptoms of high blood pressure to watch out for are:
There are two types of hypertension that you may be diagnosed with, both of which have different treatments. The first is primary hypertension, which means that there is no underlying cause for the condition. Here, the elevated blood pressure is caused simply due to lifestyle choices or environmental factors. In such cases, you may be advised to try home remedies to revert to a normal blood pressure while being prescribed some medication to regulate pressure.
On the other hand, if the cause of your hypertension is known and due to a specific condition, then the treatment focuses on addressing the condition. This is called secondary hypertension and the common route is to prescribe medication. To help you understand why and how they work, here is a detailed breakdown of common medications prescribed to treat hypertension.
For primary hypertension, home remedies in conjunction with medication can work wonders. Some of the best approaches are as follows.
Keeping your blood pressure in control as best you can is definitely worth doing as it enables you to live healthier for longer. However, hypertension can also be hereditary, meaning you could be susceptible to it even if you’re actively trying to avoid it. In such cases, getting treatment for it early is your best bet. Watch out for the common symptoms of high blood pressure to do so at the earliest.
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