ECG stands for electrocardiogram and is a painless, non-invasive tes
An ECG test helps detect irregular heart rate patterns and rhythms
An ECG scan can indicate hypertension or a previous heart attack
A simple test to check your heart’s rhythmic and electrical activity is an ECG test.
ECG stands for electrocardiogram. It is the go-to test for detecting heart ailments. An ECG scan is a safe and non-invasive procedure. Doctors recommend this for people facing chest pain, breathing difficulties, high blood pressure, dizziness, palpitations, or any irregularities in the heartbeat.
If you have diabetes, high cholesterol, smoke, or have a family history of heart illness, an ECG test is recommended.
Apart from providing information about heart rate and rhythm, an ECG also detects if the heart is enlarged due to hypertension or if you have had any recent heart attacks. An ECG test is effective in detecting the following conditions.
Additional read: Why are Electrocardiogram Heart Tests Done? What are the Types and Purposes?
Here is an overview of the ECG scan process and its different types and readings.
Normally, you don’t need to fast before undergoing an ECG. However, it is advisable to provide vital information to your doctor regarding your medications or if you have a pacemaker implanted in your chest.
Electrodes or small sticky sensors are put on your arms, chest, and legs before the test. These sensors connect to a recording machine that detects electrical currents the heart generates.
ECG Tests are of three main types to check your heart rate activity:
implies that while your readings may not be precisely normal, they are not significantly abnormal either. An abnormal ECG indicates a defect or abnormality in your heart.
Ventricular fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia that occurs due to abnormal heart rhythm. As a result of abnormal heart signals, lower heart chambers or ventricles tremble unnecessarily. This stops the heart from pumping blood to the rest of the body. Ventricular fibrillation requires immediate medical attention as it can lead to sudden cardiac arrest.
Some of the signs you need to watch out for includes the following:
A ventricular fibrillation ECG is done along with chest X-ray, echocardiogram, CT scan, MRI scan, and blood tests to diagnose this condition. An ECG helps reveal if there are irregularities in your heartbeat. Usually, a rate of 300 to 400 bpm indicates ventricular fibrillation. 
Atrial fibrillation is yet another heart ailment that can affect your heartbeat rate. However, in this condition, the irregular beating causes the heart’s upper chambers or atria to beat so fast that they begin to quiver. Consequently, your ventricles also begin to beat irregularly.
Atrial fibrillation is also quite dangerous as it increases the risk of heart failure and stroke. Both atria and ventricles work in unison so that heart pumps blood properly. However, in this condition, the heartbeat rate increases somewhere around 100 to 175 bpm.
Few symptoms of this condition include the following:
The ideal way to check this condition is to undergo an atrial fibrillation ECG. This way, your doctor can detect if there is a problem with the rhythm of your heartbeat.
While an ECG helps you assess the risk factors associated with the heart, it is essential to maintain an active and healthy lifestyle to protect yourself from heart ailments. Try to follow a well-balanced diet and strive to keep your weight under control. Keep an eye on heart problems’ risk factors and symptoms and ensure you get an ECG test when needed. Book all lab tests with ease on Bajaj Finserv Health so you can nip heart problems in the bud.