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What a Full Body Test Entails and Why it is Important?

What a Full Body Test Entails and Why it is Important?

D
Dr. Piyush Dubey
July 20th, 2021
5 mins read

Key Takeaways

  • Get a full body test every year to check the health of your organs
  • Get your blood work checked for glucose, thyroid and lipid levels
  • Rule out liver problems with a liver function test

Regular health checkups are essential to assess the normal functioning of the body. A full-body test is a comprehensive checkup recommended annually for those over 30 years and every alternate year for those under 30. However, you can also get this done when your general physician recommends it. This usually happens when your doctor notices a symptom and needs to diagnose the problem accurately.

Some of the benefits of doing a complete body test include the following,

  • Limits the possibilities of health complications
  • Helps you lead a healthy lifestyle
  • Indicates if any organ in the body is not functioning properly
  • It helps detect illness early so you can get treated before the condition worsens

All in all, periodic health checkups not only help you gauge your complete wellbeing but also ensures the treatment is less invasive, more effective, and more affordable. [1] A full body checkup list may differ based on the diagnostic center or hospital you visit. However, it normally includes a routine blood test, a urine test, a stool test, and a thyroid test. Doctors recommend other tests based on your age. Those in their 20s need to get BP, height, and weight checked periodically, while those in their 30s need to get their blood tested for anemia, thyroid, diabetes, and so on. Women can also get a pap smear and mammography done, while men can get a prostrate check.

Here are some of the routine tests included in a full body checkup list to detect any anomalies present in the body.

Get a Full Body Blood Test to Check for Deficiencies

full-body blood test helps to track vital body parameters and measure overall health. The table below covers some of the routine blood tests carried out. [2,3,4]

Name of the test Components checked Interpretation of results (Normal range)* 
Complete Blood Count WBC 3500-10500 cells/mcL 
 RBC Men: 4.32-5.72 million cells/mcL 
  Women:3.90-5.03 million cells/mcL 
 Hemoglobin Men: 13.75-17.5 g/dL 
  Women: 12-15.5 g/dL 
Thyroid function test T3 or Triiodothyronine 100-200 ng/dL 
 T4 or Thyroxine 5-12 μg/dL 
 TSH or Thyroid Stimulating Hormone 0.4-4 mIU/L 
Lipid panel HDL >60 mg/dL (high) 
  Men: <40 mg/dL (low) 
  Women: <50 mg/dL (low) 
Sugar Check  Fasting blood glucose levels 70-100 mg/dL 
 Random blood glucose levels <125 mg/dL 

*Normal range may vary based on age, lab, and other factors. 

Additional read: 5 Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency tests to check Nutritional Deficiency 

Check for Abnormalities in Liver with A Liver Function Test 

Liver function tests help check the performance and health of the liver by measuring levels of bilirubin, liver enzymes, and proteins in your blood.  Check the table below to interpret the normal enzyme and protein ranges. 

Name of the test Interpretation of results (Normal range)* 
ALT or Alanine transaminase test 7-55 U/L 
AST or Aspartate aminotransferase test Up to 40 U/L 
ALP or Alkaline phosphatase 44 to 147 (IU/L) or 30-120 IU/L 
Albumin 3.5-5.5 g/dL 
Bilirubin (total) 0.1-1.2 mg/dL 

*Normal range may vary based on age, lab, and other factors. 

The values mentioned above are normal for adults. However, in children, adolescents, and pregnant women, ALP levels are usually elevated. Similarly, AST levels may be higher in young children and infants. [5,6]

Do a urine analysis to see if kidneys are functioning properly. 

A urine analysis is done to check if you suffer from diabetes, kidney, or liver diseases. If there is high sugar content in your urine, you are likely to be diabetic. If the visual examination of your urine sample identifies a foamy appearance, it could be a sign of kidney disease. Further, if the microscopic examination reveals clumps of minerals in your urine, it could indicate the presence of kidney stones. [7]

which health test to choose

Measure your heart rate with an ECG 

An ECG or electrocardiogram is the most common and painless procedure for detecting any abnormalities in your heart. This test is ideal for checking the following. 

  • Presence of blocked arteries
  • The abnormal rhythm of the heartbeat

Check out the symptoms below, which may need you to undergo an ECG

  • Palpitations in the heart 
  • Increased pulse count
  • Shortness in breath
  • Chest pain
  • Any weakness or fatigue [8]

Check your vision with regular eye-checkups 

Vision screening is important to check if your eyes are healthy and your vision is satisfactory. With busy lifestyles spent on one screen, it has become crucial to do regular eye checks. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, adults need to undergo a complete eye examination at 40 and above to check for any visual impairment. However, if you have diabetes, have high BP, or have a family history of eye disease, get your eyes checked periodically. [9]

Get an X-ray done to check for abnormalities within the body 

An X-ray is a painless procedure that produces images of the internal structures of the body.  

This is mainly performed to detect the following. 

  • Fractures and infections in bones and teeth 
  • Cavities in your teeth 
  • Bone cancer 
  • Arthritis 
  • Lung infections
  • Digestive tract problems [10]

Undergoing a complete body test at regular intervals helps you be more proactive towards your health. With many convenient facilities available these days, you can even book a full body checkup at home, at least for blood tests that do not require any special equipment. Take the first step to being proactive about your health and book your full body test on Bajaj Finserv Health for maximum convenience.

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