Thyroid symptoms and your iodine levels are linked
Excess iodine symptoms usually indicate hyperthyroidism
In case of low iodine, hypothyroidism is usually diagnosed
The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped organ situated in front of the neck. It secretes hormones that control many essential functions of your body. However, if your thyroid gland isn’t functioning properly, it can disturb your metabolism . Excess secretion of thyroid hormones may result in hyperthyroidism. In case of hypothyroidism, your body produces insufficient thyroid hormones.
Iodine is an important mineral required for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland . When there is an imbalance of iodine in your diet, you may suffer from an underactive or overactive thyroid. Iodine plays an important role in converting thyroid stimulating hormone to T3 and T4 hormones. Without this conversion, your thyroid gland does not function properly.
You can find approximately 70-80% of iodine in the thyroid gland itself. Read on to understand how iodine and hypothyroidism are linked and what happens when there is excess or less iodine in your body.
The recommended iodine intake for your body from the age of 14 years is 150 micrograms. This value is same for both males and females. However, during pregnancy, the recommended amount rises to 220 micrograms. In case you are breastfeeding, your body will need 290 micrograms of iodine.
Consuming iodine-rich foods is the best way to increase your iodine intake. Here are some foods with high values of iodine.
Iodine deficiency causes an increased production of thyroid stimulating hormones in your body. If TSH increases, your thyroid gland may need to extract more iodine from your blood. Thus, it is essential to manage the iodine requirements in your body. If your iodine intake reduces below 10-20 micrograms on a daily basis, it may result in hypothyroidism. You may also experience a condition called goiter, wherein there will be a visible swelling seen around your neck.
Consuming excess iodine is not very common. This happens only when you consume iodine supplements to treat a deficiency of the mineral. Though it is rare, too much iodine intake can lead to hyperthyroidism where your gland produces excess hormones . Excess iodine can cause irritation in your digestive tract as well. If you are living close to sea, you will be more prone to this due to the seafood and water that is high in iodine.
Usually, excess iodine symptoms indicate hyperthyroidism. Here are a few symptoms of an overactive thyroid.
Low iodine causes hypothyroidism. It can affect cognitive skills and other developmental problems in children. While goiter is one of the low iodine symptoms, here are the other symptoms of hypothyroidism.
To check iodine level, blood test is the most accurate procedure as it helps determine the exact iodine amounts. In some cases, doctors may recommend certain imaging tests. By adopting a diet rich in iodine or reducing how much you consume, you can manage iodine levels in your blood.
Now that you know how iodine can affect the functioning of your thyroid gland, do check your iodine levels regularly. Too much or too little iodine can hinder the functioning of the gland. Have a proper diet to balance your iodine levels. However, do consult your doctor before consuming any iodine supplement. For advice, book an online doctor consultation on Bajaj Finserv Health. Talk with specialists and clear your doubts on iodine intake. If required, go for blood tests and address all your thyroid symptoms at once.