If not controlled, hypertension can cause chronic health illnesses
A blood pressure test is necessary to check high blood pressure
Maintain a healthy lifestyle for ideal blood pressure measurement
High blood pressure or hypertension, if not controlled, can lead to heart, brain, kidney, or other serious illnesses. Around 1.13 billion people across the globe have high BP. Since it is hard to control this serious problem, it is one of the major causes of premature deaths all over the world. 
Adults should get a blood pressure test on a regular basis to keep health problems under check and maintain overall health. This allows you to change lifestyle habits that put you at risk. Checking your BP proactively is also important because there are often no visible symptoms of high blood pressure. A BP test is done with a painless blood pressure checking machine.
Read on to find out how a blood pressure check is done and the normal range you should strive to maintain.
A blood pressure test is conducted to measure the pressure in your arteries and to determine high or low blood pressure. Your doctor may check your blood pressure or ask you to use a blood pressure monitor at home to track hypertension. The risk of developing high blood pressure increases in people over the age of 40 years. However, people over 18 years of age should get a blood pressure check done during their routine health checkup. Those with chronic health issues should get the BP test done more often.
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring helps measure your blood pressure at all times for up to 24 hours . It helps to keep track of your blood pressure continuously while you go about your daily life, even when you are asleep. It is done by attaching a small digital monitor on your waist belt and is connected to a cuff around the upper arm. The measurements taken at regular intervals help your doctor understand the changes in your blood pressure better.
Additional read: 5 Different Stages of Hypertension: What are the Symptoms and Risks?
Medical practitioners use a sphygmomanometer consisting of a rubber cuff and a gauge. The cuff is wrapped around your arm and inflated for blood pressure measurement. This is a painless process and only takes few minutes to determine. You can also use a blood pressure monitor, which is a machine to check blood pressure at home. Of the three main styles of such equipment, experts recommend that patients use an automatic, cuff-style, upper-arm monitor.
To use it, don’t smoke, exercise, or drink caffeinated beverages before taking the blood pressure test. When you are ready, sit straight and keep your feet on the floor. Don’t cross them. Support your arm on a flat surface keeping the upper arm at heart level. Place the bottom of the cuff directly above the bend of the elbow. Read your instructions or follow your doctor’s advice. Remember to take multiple readings at the same time every day and record the results. Avoid wrist or finger monitors as they don’t produce accurate readings .
Blood pressure measurement has two different readings.
It is the higher number or the one that appears on top of your blood pressure reading. It measures the pressure in your arteries when the heart contracts to pump blood.
It is the lower number or the one that appears below on your blood pressure reading. It measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart rests between the beats.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury and is abbreviated as mm Hg.
If you have systolic blood pressure below 90 mm Hg or a diastolic bp below 60 mm Hg, you have hypotension.
BP normal level is usually reached when the systolic pressure is less than 120 mm Hg and diastolic pressure is below 80 mm Hg.
A systolic pressure between 120 and 129 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure of less than 80 mm Hg depicts an elevated blood pressure.
It is when your systolic pressure is between 130 and 139 mm Hg or diastolic pressure is between 80 and 89 mm Hg.
It is when your systolic pressure is 140 mm Hg and higher or diastolic pressure is 90 mm Hg and above.
This is an emergency state that requires you to consult your doctor immediately. A systolic pressure higher than 180 mm Hg and/or diastolic pressure higher than 120 mm Hg represents hypertensive crises .
Additional Read: High Blood Pressure Treatment At Home: 10 Things To Try!
A healthy lifestyle helps you keep blood pressure under check. However, the key is to diagnose any BP issues at the earliest. This is why a regular blood pressure test is crucial. If you have hypertension, keep a record of your BP levels by checking them at home regularly and seek medical care when needed. Book a BP test as well as other lab tests with ease on Bajaj Finserv Health and take a proactive approach to nip health issues in the bud!