How to get rid of dark circles? 10+ remedies

Bajaj Finserv Health Team, Gynaecologist
November 24, 2020

While there are some health complications that pose a serious risk to your wellbeing, there are others that are purely aesthetic in nature and may affect your confidence. Dark circles are a good example of the latter, and many seek medical care or treatment for it solely because of how it affects their appearance. While there are numerous reasons for dark circles, some genetic and others based on lifestyle, a common reason for treatment is that dark circles make you look older than you actually are. This opinion is not entirely ill-founded as dark circles under eyes are a sign of aging.

As a result, it is fairly common for men and women to try all types of home remedies for dark circles when learning how to get rid of dark circles. These often include one using chemicals in the form of creams, lotions or other such substances without any professional guidance whatsoever. This is something you should avoid as not every product marketed as a dark circles remedy works well across the board. Further, high concentrations of certain chemicals that are known to help reduce dark circles can cause hyperpigmentation and make matters worse.

To avoid such complications, take a step back to understand what causes dark circles and learn about some of the most common and effective dark circle treatment measures you can employ.

Dark circle causes

As mentioned, both your genes and your lifestyle have a role to play in the development of dark circles. To help you better understand this, here is a breakdown of a few common causes of dark circles.

  1. Fatigue: This is arguably the most common cause for dark circles and one that you should take most seriously. Staying up past your normal sleeping time consistently can be one reason for dark circles. This is because sleep deprivation makes a person’s skin pale and this allows darker tissue to show more easily. In addition to that, lack of sleep causes puffy eyes, which then cast a shadow on the skin under the eye.
  2. Genetics: In some cases, dark circles may just be an inherited trait that travels through the family. Other medical predispositions, like those to thyroid disease, can also cause dark circles.
  3. Overexposure to the sun: When exposed to the sun, the body produces melanin, a pigment that is responsible for skin colour. Overexposure to sunlight leads to excess production of melanin, which increases pigmentation around the eyes.
  4. Dehydration: Insufficient supply of water in the body can cause your eyes to seem sunken and dull. This can make dark circles a lot more prominent as the skin lies in close proximity to the underlying bone.
  5. Strain: Overstraining the eyes can cause the blood vessels to enlarge. This causes the skin to darken, resulting in dark circles. This is among the most common causes for dark circles in the younger population due to increased use of smartphones and laptops for both work and entertainment.
  6. Age: As mentioned earlier, dark circles are a sign of age. This is because the collagen and fat needed to maintain the skin’s elasticity decreases with age and as a result, the darker blood vessels near the eye are a lot more visible. Moreover, the skin also becomes thinner, making it easier for darker pigments to show.
  7. Allergies: Allergic reactions or eye dryness cause itchy, puffy eyes. Rubbing can cause the dilated blood vessels to swell or break. As a result, the swelling can cause dark shadows to form, which can be seen as dark circles.

Dark circle treatment

While there are few home remedies you can go with, approaching a specialist is generally your best bet. In most cases, home remedies should serve as a viable solution; however, there are medical procedures that also offer a more permanent fix. Here are few treatments doctors may suggest for dark circles.

  • Micro needling: Also known as collagen induction therapy, this technique involves puncturing the skin and seeks to reduce dark circles by addressing pigment issues. It is normally performed over several sessions, over the course of a month, but can cause bleeding and infection.
  • Chemical peels: These are used to lighten dark pigmentation under the eye and contain a range of chemicals such as hydroquinone, retinoic acid, and glycolic acid.
  • Fat removal: Otherwise known as lower lid blepharoplasty, this treatment removes the fat in the eyelid, thereby reducing the shadow cast and thus, the appearance of dark circles.
  • Tissue fillers: When there is volume loss under the eyes, you can have dark circles, and tissues fillers may serve as a solution. Your doctor may inject a filler such as Juvederm.
  • Laser surgery: This approach uses heat to vaporise damaged cells and reduce the darker pigment. It can also induce collagen formation, which helps keep skin younger.

Dark circle home remedies

Given the fact that the medical treatments are mainly centred on cosmetic procedures, you may want to try a few home remedies first. These are some measures you can consider.

  • Get adequate sleep every day, at least 8 hours
  • Use cooled, caffeinated tea bags on your eyes to slow the aging process
  • Try a cold compress on the eyes to help blood vessels constrict
  • Opt for beauty products with vitamin C content
  • Place chilled cucumber slices on the eyes to reduce swelling
  • Apply sunscreen on your face, especially under the eyes, for UV protection
  • Remove any makeup before going to bed to avoid allergic reactions
  • Quit smoking as it depletes the vitamin C in the body, needed for collages formation

Understanding how to reduce dark circles is a lot easier when you understand the cause as many home remedies target these specifically. In fact, staying hydrated and getting the recommended hours of sleep consistently may just be the best approach for most people. However, there may be certain cases where professional intervention may be required, especially when the dark circles are particularly prominent and common home remedies have failed. Thankfully, with the Bajaj Finserv Health app, availing the services of the best dermatologists around you is now simpler than ever!

This healthcare app brings healthcare services right to your fingertips. With it, you can search for the best doctors and book appointments at their clinics online. What’s more, for appointments that don’t need a physical check-up, you can opt for a virtual consult and avail healthcare services over video, from the comfort of your home. This is particularly effective when seeking medical advice on how to remove dark circles remotely. To benefit from this offering and all its features, download the app from Google Play or the Apple App store for free.