Sleep Disorders: Causes, Home Remedies and Diagnosed

Sleep Disorders: Causes, Home Remedies and Diagnosed

Bajaj Finserv Health
May 07, 20215 mins read

Key Takeaways

  • Sleep disorders are often overlooked because people do not think of them as actual problems
  • However, certain sleeping problems can also be caused by underlying health problems
  • To set out on the right path, here’s all you need to know about sleep disorders

There are several health problems that you may experience over the years, some of which require immediate treatment and others that usually go unnoticed. Sleep disorders are of the second type and many of these are overlooked simply because you may not think of them as actual problems. These affect your ability to get a good night’s sleep on a regular basis and cause sleep deprivation, which has serious consequences on your health. In many cases, stress is a major factor that aids the development of several sleep disorders types.

This is why people with hectic schedules or anxiety issues often find themselves experiencing poor quality sleep or have sleeping problems. However, certain sleeping problems can also be caused by underlying health problems. This is why it is important to inform yourself about the different sleep disorders types, their causes, and the ways to remedy them. Armed with this information, you’re less likely to ignore the clear signs of an issue that is affecting your normal sleep cycle and are more likely to get the right type of help. To set out on the right path, here’s all you need to know about sleep disorders.

What are the different sleep disorders types?

These are 4 sleep disorders types that you should be aware of,

Sleep apnoea

The main symptoms of sleep apnoea include short pauses in breathing during sleep. These pauses can wake you up during sleep and it is a serious condition. With this sleep disorder, there are 2 types: central sleep apnoea and obstructive sleep apnoea. Sleep apnoea treatment requires specialised medical attention due to its complexity.


This condition refers to an inability to fall asleep or remain asleep. The most prominent insomnia causes include stress and anxiety. Insomnia symptoms include impaired concentration, weight fluctuation, increased irritability and depression. Insomnia treatment can include vitamin supplementation, sleeping pills, and destressing

Additional Read: All You Need To Know About Insomnia

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)

With this condition, there is an unexplained urge to move the legs. In some cases, a tingling sensation in the leg prompts movement. The true cause of restless leg syndrome isn’t known but it is associated to health conditions like Parkinson’s disease and ADHD.


Narcolepsy symptoms refer to sleep paralysis and sleep attacks, which occur when the affected feel extreme tiredness while awake and fall asleep without any warning whatsoever. It is associated with neurological disorders. Narcolepsy treatment includes stimulants to help patients stay awake. Regular exercise is also said to help in this regard.

Each of these have different causes and affect a normal sleep cycle uniquely. With a better understanding of these sleep disorders, take a look at their causes.

What are common sleep disorders causes?

Besides the above-mentioned causes specific to each disorder, there are other factors that can also cause sleep disturbances. These are as follows:

  • Nocturia or frequent urination
  • Chronic pain
  • Anxiety
  • Allergies
  • Respiratory problems

How are sleep disorders diagnosed?

Undergoing a physical examination is the first step of getting your sleep disorder diagnosed. Once the doctor has completed the examination, he/she will process to gather information about your medical history and the symptoms you’re experiencing. Based on these, you will be asked to undergo specific tests.

  • Electroencephalogram (EEG): Used to detect electrical activity in the brain and identify problems.
  • Polysomnography (PSG): This is a lab study which requires you to be asleep and it monitors your oxygen levels, brain waves, and body movements.
  • Multiple sleep latency test (MSLT): This is daytime nap study conducted alongside a PSG to come to a conclusive diagnosis of narcolepsy.

What are reliable sleep disorders remedies to be aware of?

Addressing problems with your sleep should be a priority and you can get started on a solution at home. A trusted and long-standing sleep disorder home remedy is to reduce your stress and anxiety levels. Being overly stressed or having chronic stress does have its consequences, one of which is poor quality sleep. Keeping this in mind can help you keep sleep disorders problems at bay for a long period of time.

To complement these efforts and have a healthy, normal sleep cycle, here are a few other sleep disorders remedies to keep in mind.

  • Drink less water before bedtime
  • Consume fewer carbohydrates before bedtime
  • Reduce your stress by exercising
  • Reduce your caffeine intake in the evening
  • Cut down on sugars and increase vegetables in your diet
  • Try to cut out tobacco and alcohol altogether

What types of sleep disorders medicine will doctors recommend?

Depending on the problem and cause, the medicine offered for the sleep disorder will vary. However, generally, this is what you should expect doctors to prescribe:

  • Melatonin supplements
  • Sleeping pills
  • Cold medication
  • Breathing device

Sleeping well and without any trouble improves your overall wellbeing. Learning how to manage the different sleep disorders types and understanding their causes gives you invaluable insight into the root cause, which can be addressed in certain cases. Moreover, with a better understanding of the treatment and the importance of stress management, reverting back to a normal sleep cycle is surely achievable. However, it is important to remember the role of professional care in addressing sleep disorders. Some are quite serious and delaying medical care only worsens the situation. To find the right doctors to diagnose and treat recurring sleep disorders problems, use the Bajaj Finserv Health App.

With this app, you can locate the nearest, top-rated specialists and avail their services all through your smartphone. The app also enables you to book appointments at their clinics online. Other interactive options include the ability to consult your doctor virtually, via video, thus making remote care accessible anywhere. You can use the app to track your health with options like the step tracker, immunization tracker, and medicine reminder. Finally, the app allows you to learn about your health conditions and get invaluable tips on general wellness. To access these telemedicine perks, download the app for free from Google Play or the Apple App Store today.

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Please note that this article is solely meant for informational purposes and Bajaj Finserv Health Limited (“BFHL”) does not shoulder any responsibility of the views/advice/information expressed/given by the writer/reviewer/originator. This article should not be considered as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always consult with your trusted physician/qualified healthcare professional to evaluate your medical condition. The above article has been reviewed by a qualified doctor and BFHL is not responsible for any damages for any information or services provided by any third party.

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