Leptospirosis symptoms and signs differ in animals and humans
Leptospirosis treatment duration depends on how severe the infection is
Keep your surrounding neat and clean to minimize the risk of leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that affects both animals and humans. It is a zoonotic disease, which spreads between species, and has a high incidence in tropical regions. Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. The symptoms shown by this infection vary from one individual to another and often get mistaken for other diseases. In many cases, infected individuals hardly show any symptoms. If not treated properly, leptospirosis can damage the kidney, liver and even cause meningitis. 
It is common to experience leptospirosis in monsoon as it is more prevalent in water-logged and flooded areas. When humans come in contact with urine from infected animals either directly or through food, soil or water, they are likely to get infected with leptospirosis.
Here is a brief overview of the disease and preventive measures you can take during the rainy season to safeguard yourself.
Leptospirosis spreads through the urine of infected animals. It enters the human body through mucous membranes or through a cut in the skin. Consuming contaminated water may also cause leptospirosis. In a flood-prone area or in places with overflowing sewer water, the likelihood of contracting this disease increases. 
Leptospirosis symptoms in humans include the following, 
Leptospirosis symptoms seen in pets include the following, 
Leptospirosis disease, caused by exposure to contaminated urine, occurs within 2 days to 4 weeks after the exposure to the source. Though the infection may start with fever, it generally occurs in two phases.
In the first phase, you may feel feverish along with symptoms like muscle aches, vomiting, headaches, chills. However, you may soon recover for a short period after which the illness may reoccur. If the second phase is more severe, leptospirosis may even lead to liver or kidney failure.
The leptospirosis treatment duration depends on the severity of infection. Ideally, it is treated with antibiotics like penicillin and doxycycline for about a week if the infection is mild. However, in case of severe symptoms, intravenous antibiotics are administered. For fever and muscle aches, your doctor may ask you to have antipyretics like ibuprofen.
Monsoon season is the time when you need to take extra precautions so that you don’t get affected by leptospirosis. Here is a list of preventive measures you can follow to protect yourself from the harmful symptoms of this disease.
Additional read: 6 Useful Ayurveda Tips to Cope with the Monsoons
While leptospirosis symptoms may often go unnoticed, timely medical interventions can help. If you notice high and persistent fever meet a doctor immediately to get your blood work checked. Schedule an appointment with a doctor within minutes on Bajaj Finserv Health. This way you can connect with a doctor near you and protect yourself from leptospirosis in monsoon seasons.