7 Severe Neurological Conditions and Symptoms to Look Out for


Medically reviewed by

Dr. Vikas Kumar Sharma

General Health

4 min read

Key Takeaways

  • A neurological disorder is a disease of your nervous system
  • Seizures and dementia are some common neurological conditions
  • Watch out for the neurological symptoms to get care on time

A neurological disorder is a disease of the brain, spinal cord, and the nerves that connect them. It affects millions of people every year. Both fatal and non-fatal neurological diseases are the leading contributors to communicable and non-communicable ailments in India. The last three decades saw a huge spike in the numbers of certain diseases including stroke, epilepsy, headache, Parkinson’s disease, and dementia among the Indian urban population [1]. In 2019, stroke was the largest contributor to neurological disorder in India at 37.9% [2].

A neurological disorder occurs when something goes wrong with your nervous system. It is important to understand neurological symptoms so you can get help when needed. There are several neurological conditions and brain disorders, so read on to know more.

Additional Read: 7 Important Ways to Take Care of Your Mental Health

Neurological Symptoms

  • Loss of memory

  • Numbness

  • Sensitivity

  • Tingling

  • Impaired mental ability

  • Lack of coordination

  • Muscle rigidity

  • Tremors and seizures

  • Back pain

  • Slurred speech

  • Feeling of burning

  • Fainting or lethargy

  • Change in consciousness

  • Loss of balance

  • New language impairment

  • Change in smell or taste

  • Prolonged or sudden onset of a headache

  • Loss of feeling

  • Weakness or loss of muscle strength

  • Loss of sight or double vision

  • Involuntary contraction of muscles

  • Paralysis or inability to move a body part

  • Pins-and-needles or prickling sensation

  • Confusion or changes in cognitive function

Neurological Symptoms

Neurological Conditions


Headaches are one of the most common neurological disorders. They can occur at any stage in life. Although a headache shouldn’t be a problem, you should consult a doctor if it comes suddenly or repeats. Some common conditions causing recurring headaches include:

Headaches can be of various kinds such as migraines, cluster headaches, and tension headaches. Sudden onset of severe headache, a headache associated with fever, light sensitivity, and stiff neck are conditions that can indicate serious problems such as intracranial bleeding or meningitis.

Epilepsy and Seizures

Epilepsy is an abnormal electrical activity in your brain making you more susceptible to having recurrent, unprovoked seizures. The signs and symptoms of seizures differ based on severity and where in the brain it is originating from. Some symptoms include:

  • fear

  • anxiety

  • deja vu

  • unconsciousness

  • confusion

In India, 17 November is observed as National Epilepsy Day to create awareness about this disorder [3].

Brain Tumor

If there is an abnormal growth of cells in your brain, it is most likely a brain tumor. Such growths can be either cancerous or not, and doctors recommend treatment as per diagnosis. To make people aware about this disease, World Brain Tumor Day is observed every year on 8 June.


A stroke occurs due to a lack of blood flow to the brain. It is often caused by a clot or blockage in an artery. Around 15 million people every year around the globe suffer from a stroke. People above the age of 40 are more susceptible to this disease. Although it is difficult to predict a stroke, certain signs indicate you are in the risk of getting one. consult a doctor immediately if you are experiencing:

  • blurred vision

  • confusion

  • trouble speaking

  • dizziness

  • numbness

  • weakness

  • loss of balance

  • severe headache

High blood pressure is reported as the main cause of stroke [4]. You can lower the risk of stroke by exercising regularly and adding healthy fruits and vegetables to your diet.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

This is a rare neuromuscular condition affecting the brain and spinal cord. This ailment is also referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease. Although the exact causes of ALS are unknown, genetics and environmental factors may play a role. Some neurological symptoms of ALS include:

  • muscle weakness

  • stiff muscles

  • slurred speech

  • difficulty swallowing and breathing

  • Alzheimer’s and dementia

Memory loss is a part of aging. However, certain signs may indicate serious issues like dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. Some of these signs include:

  • getting lost

  • having difficulty with daily activities

  • forgetting names

  • language problems

Behavioral and memory changes are common concerns in people with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. These mental health conditions are more common in older people.

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects your movement or coordination. Its symptoms get worse over time. It usually starts occurring in people around the age of 60 years. Some of the symptoms of this disease include:

  • Constipation

  • muscle stiffness

  • reduced smell

  • stiff face

  • changes in speech

  • tremors

Additional Read: How to Build Child Resilience and Evade Mental Disorders in Children

Mental health is as vital as physical health. If you experience any neurological symptoms, seek a doctor’s help as soon as you can. You can also conveniently book an appointment with specialists on Bajaj Finserv Health. It is a great way of consulting with the best health professionals near you.

Published on 26 Nov 2021Last updated on 13 Apr 2023
  1. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(21)00214-X/fulltext
  2. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(21)00164-9/fulltext
  3. https://www.nhp.gov.in/National-Epilepsy-Day_pg
  4. http://www.emro.who.int/health-topics/stroke-cerebrovascular-accident/index.html

Please note that this article is solely meant for informational purposes and Bajaj Finserv Health Limited (“BFHL”) does not shoulder any responsibility of the views/advice/information expressed/given by the writer/reviewer/originator. This article should not be considered as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always consult with your trusted physician/qualified healthcare professional to evaluate your medical condition. The above article has been reviewed by a qualified doctor and BFHL is not responsible for any damages for any information or services provided by any third party.


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