How to Protect Yourself From Different Types of Skin Rashes

Dr. Shubhshree Misra

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Shubhshree Misra


4 min read

Key Takeaways

  • Using unsuitable skin irritants may be one of the causes of skin allergy
  • Eczema is an example of summertime rashes seen commonly in children
  • Using aloe vera gel is one of the effective home remedies for skin rashes

When there is a change in color or texture of your skin, it is normally called a rash. This can be localized in a small area or may even cover a large part of the body. There are many causes of skin rashes like allergic reactions to certain medications or the presence of an infection in the body. Skin rash problems may result in your skin becoming dry, bumpy, cracked or blistered. In some cases, this can be even painful or itchy.

Here is a list of different types of skin rashes that most commonly affect the body.

Additional readFungal Skin Infections: How to Prevent and What are the Home Remedies?


This is one of the most common summertime rashes usually occurring in children. Also called atopic dermatitis, it causes dry, red and itchy skin. In some cases, you may see the appearance of small bumps filled with a yellowish fluid. [1] Eczema occurs on the ankles, elbow, neck and cheeks. The main causes of skin allergy of this type include the usage of skin irritants. These refer to skincare products and soaps that may be unsuitable for you.

Eczema can be treated by using moisturizers that contain ingredients like mineral oil, glycerin and ceramides. One of the simplest home remedies for skin rashes<span data-contrast="auto"> include application of aloe vera gel. This can soothe rashes caused by eczema owing to its antimicrobial and antibacterial properties.

tips for skin rash

Contact dermatitis 

Contact dermatitis is a common skin rash that can be itchy or painful. When your body comes in contact with an allergen or irritant, you are likely to develop it. There are two types of contact dermatitis known as irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. While the former develops as a result of using irritants like unsuitable soaps and detergents, the latter occurs due to the allergic reactions of certain cosmetics, food preservatives and jewelry.

Some of skin rash symptoms here include the following,

  • Flaky skin with a burning sensation 
  • Swollen structure formed on the skin 
  • Painful and itchy rash 
  • Red colored rash on the skin

You can get rid of contact dermatitis by using anti-itch creams after consulting with a doctor. [2]

Hives or urticaria 

Hives is another skin rash problem that causes red bumps or welts on the body. If the condition doesn’t exceed six weeks, it is known as acute urticaria and if it extends beyond six weeks, it is called chronic urticaria. While the reason for chronic urticaria is unknown, exposure to an allergen is the primary cause. In hives, initially the bumps may be reddish in color and eventually turn white in the center. Doctors usually prescribe antihistamines as a part of this skin rashes treatment method.


This is an autoimmune condition that results in rapid growth of cells on the skin. This is one of the skin rash types where the skin tends to become red and scaly with patches over the joints and the scalp. Usually, this kind of rash is itchy. It may also affect the fingernails.

Symptoms of psoriasis include the following,

  • Thickened or ridged nails 
  • Dry or cracked skin that may even bleed 
  • Burning and itching 
  • Swollen and stiff joints

Its treatment mainly involves preventing skin cells to grow fast and removing scales from the skin. For this, there are many options like injecting medication on the skin, applying light therapy or even using creams and ointments.


This is yet another common skin allergy found in children. The most common symptoms include red sores that may eventually turn into blisters. A liquid may ooze out after which the crust turns into the color of honey. Such sores are seen around the nose and mouth, which spread easily to other parts of the body by towels and touch. The most common treatment method includes application of mupirocin antibiotic cream after a consultation with a doctor.

Lichen Planus 

In this skin allergy, you can see flat-topped bumps with a shiny appearance. These bumps are angular in shape and reddish-purple in color. Lichen planus affects the back, neck, lower part of legs and inner side of wrists. The bumps are itchy and if it affects the hair scalp, it may also result in hair loss. Prescribed antihistamine ointments may be used to treat this allergic condition.

While there are many home remedies for these common skin rashes, make sure to watch out for unusual symptoms. On observing symptoms like high fever, dizziness, neck pain, diarrhea or severe vomiting, be sure to meet a doctor. Book an appointment with a dermatologist in minutes on Bajaj Finserv Health. Get your skin rash checked in time and protect yourself from skin allergies.

Published on 11 Aug 2021Last updated on 29 Apr 2022

Please note that this article is solely meant for informational purposes and Bajaj Finserv Health Limited (“BFHL”) does not shoulder any responsibility of the views/advice/information expressed/given by the writer/reviewer/originator. This article should not be considered as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always consult with your trusted physician/qualified healthcare professional to evaluate your medical condition. The above article has been reviewed by a qualified doctor and BFHL is not responsible for any damages for any information or services provided by any third party.

Dr. Shubhshree Misra

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Shubhshree Misra

, MBBS 1 , MD 3

Dr. Shubhshree Misra has experience as a 'Consultant Dermatologist at Lucknow Plastic Surgery Clinic. She has 6 years of experience as a Dermatologist- Cosmetologist. She is practicing in Lucknow, Mall Avenue Area.


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