World Hemophilia Day 2022: Symptoms and Treatments of This Disorder

Bajaj Finserv Health
April 14th, 2022
9 mins read

Key Takeaways

  • World Hemophilia Day is celebrated on April 17 every year
  • World Hemophilia Day 2022 theme is “Access for All”
  • Bleeding and bruising are common symptoms of hemophilia

Hemophilia is a rare inherited disease caused by a change or mutation in one of your genes located in the X chromosome. The function of this gene is to provide instructions for making clotting proteins that form a blood clot. In this condition, your body will not be able to clot the blood so injuries will result in extensive bleeding [1]. If this condition is left untreated, the excessive bleeding in your body can become life threatening.

World Hemophilia Day is celebrated on April 17 to spread awareness about the hemophilia disease and other bleeding disorders. This day has been celebrated every year since 1989. World Hemophilia Day 2022 theme is “Access for All: Partnership. Policy. Progress.” [2]. This involves bringing bleeding disorders into national health policy by getting the attention of the policymakers. This can be only possible by raising awareness. Read on to understand how World Hemophilia Day 2022 will be celebrated, and also to know more about hemophilia.

World Hemophilia Day

How will World Hemophilia Day 2022 be celebrated?

For celebrating World Hemophilia Day 2022, World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH) has planned several activities, and has prepared campaign materials, advocacy toolkits and social media toolkits. For example, you can share your story if you or someone close to you has suffered from a blood-related disorder. WFH has also identified landmarks across countries for its ‘Light It Up Red!’ campaign. All these landmarks will light up on April 17, 2022 in the name of World Hemophilia Day. All these will help to propagate the central theme around which WFH wants to raise awareness.

What are the causes of hemophilia?

There are two major types of hemophilia which are identified as type A and type B. Hemophilia is usually an inherited and sex-linked recessive condition, and tends to occur more in males as compared to females. Males inherit an X chromosome from the female parent and a Y chromosome from the male parent, whereas females have two X chromosomes inherited from each parent. The genetic mutation that causes hemophilia is a recessive change in your X chromosome. As a result of this, males have a 50 % chance of developing the disorder if their biological mother is the carrier of the particular gene. If they inherit the affected X chromosome, they inherit hemophilia.

Females can inherit hemophilia but it is rare. For a female to acquire hemophilia, the affected genes are generally present in both X chromosomes or in one chromosome, and inactive or missing in the other. Even with one altered gene, the female can be a carrier of this condition and pass it on to any of the children that she may have.

In rare cases, you may spontaneously develop a gene mutation causing hemophilia. Note that it does not occur due to any prior family history or the mother is not the carrier here. Rarely can you develop hemophilia. Such acquired hemophilia is considered an autoimmune condition where your body’s immune system starts to affect the clotting factors found in your blood.

Additional Read: World TB Day

World hemophilia day theme

World Hemophilia Day theme

What are the symptoms of hemophilia? 

The most common symptoms of hemophilia include 

  • Hematomas- occurs when there is bleeding into the soft tissues or muscles  
  • Bruises everywhere around your body 
  • Blood in the urine and stool 
  • Bleeding from your gums and mouth  
  • Frequent nosebleeds 
  • Bleeding into your joints 
  • Bleeding after vaccinations or other injections 
  • Bleeding after a circumcision 

As per observation [3], the severity of hemophilia can affect your symptoms. In milder cases of hemophilia, you will experience  

  • Spontaneous nosebleeds that are difficult to stop 
  • Bleeding from your mouth and gums 
  • Easily bruising or hematomas 

Symptoms for a person with mild hemophilia may not show till adulthood. In cases of moderate hemophilia, you can notice the following symptoms 

  • Easy and excessive bruising on the slightest impact  
  • Excessive bleeding following any trauma or surgeries  

In moderate cases, doctors usually identify hemophilia as early as between 5 to 6 years of age. In severe cases of hemophilia, you can experience spontaneous bleeding in your joints or muscles that causes swelling and pain. Without treatment, hemophilia can result in arthritis in the affected joints.  

symptoms of hemophilia

What is the diagnostics procedure for hemophilia? 

This disorder is diagnosed by 

  • Reviewing the symptoms 
  • Doing clinical evaluation with diagnostics tests like blood test 
  • Reviewing personal medical history 

It is likely that if you have bleeding problems, or doctors suspect you have hemophilia, they will ask to see your personal and family medical history and perform a blood test to identify the type of hemophilia.

How is hemophilia treated?

The best way to treat hemophilia is to substitute the missing blood clotting factor with commercially prepared concentrates, so that the blood in your body can clot in the normal way. This procedure is performed by administering the concentrates through your vein. If you are suffering with hemophilia, you can learn to perform these kinds of infusions on yourself so that you can stop the bleeding episodes without any external help. To get started with your treatment, visit a specialist doctor where you can get comprehensive care and lifestyle advices.

Additional Read: World Autism Awareness Day

This World Hemophilia Day, make sure you to spread awareness about this disease to your near ones. You can also book an online doctor consultation on Bajaj Finserv Health to know more about this disease. To maintain a good health, start taking measures without delay.

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