As neurology encompasses a wide range of subjects, some of the most common problems that neurologists in Mumbai treat are:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Peripheral nerve disease
- Tourette syndrome
- Huntington's disease
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- Learning developmental disorders
- Parkinson’s disease
- Lou Gehrig’s disease
A neurologist doctor in Mumbai is also trained in performing specialised tests that ascertain and establish a patient’s condition. The most common tests that neurologists perform are explained in brief below.
i. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This test takes multiple pictures of the inside of the nervous system to help doctors diagnose and treat complicated cases.
ii. Computed tomography (CT) or computer-assisted tomography (CAT) scans: This process has X-rays and computers rotating around the patient to offer cross-sectional images for easier diagnosis.
iii. Electroencephalography (EEG): This measures the electrical activity in your brain.
iv. Lumbar puncture (LP): This process numbs the spinal cord area to extract spinal fluid to diagnose serious medical conditions.
v. Nerve conduction studies and electromyography (NCS/EMG): This test measures the speed of the electrical impulses through the nerves.
These tests require specialised knowledge and handling and therefore performed by a specialist within the department. Neurosurgery should not be confused with neurology, although there are several instances when both come together to treat patients.