Polio disease is caused by the poliovirus
There is no cure for polio but vaccination prevents it
Polio causes symptoms like limb deformities and trouble breathing
Polio is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. Younger children below 5 years of age are vulnerable to polio. The virus spreads primarily through oral and fecal routes. Once it enters the central nervous system, it multiplies rapidly. In fact, it can cause paralysis within hours. To spread awareness about this condition, World Polio Day is celebrated on 24th October every year. Polio Day highlights the importance of vaccination. Since there is no cure for polio, immunization through vaccines protects children for life.
October 24th marks the birth anniversary of Jonas Salk. He played a key role in developing the first vaccine against poliomyelitis. Read on to understand more about this condition and how International Polio Day is observed worldwide.
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The polio virus spreads most commonly through direct contact with infected feces. This isn’t the only way though. The infection can spread through:
As it can spread so easily, children before the ages of 5 are at a higher risk. Kids who are not vaccinated properly are most vulnerable to polio. In some cases, infected people hardly show any symptoms. The symptoms last 1 to 10 days and this is known as non-paralytic polio. These signs will be similar to flu, which are:
When the condition causes paralysis, it is called paralytic polio. The brain stem, spinal cord, or both get paralyzed. The initial symptoms are similar to non-paralytic polio. But the infected person worsens with time. A few of these symptoms are:
If you recover from it, you can still get it again. This is known as post-polio syndrome. Some of the symptoms are:
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Polio is diagnosed by observing the symptoms through a physical examination. Doctors check the stiffness of your neck and back. In some cases, your reflexes will be tested as well. Treatment can only happen during the course of infection. This is why the best approach is to get vaccinated.
Typically, the treatment methods followed are:
Few facts on polio eradication are listed below :
There is usually a theme followed across the world. Polio Day 2020 followed the theme Stories of Progress: Past and Present. This acknowledged how much progress has been made in the polio eradication struggle. The theme also recognized the efforts of all those who were involved in this struggle.
For Polio Day 2021, the theme was Delivering on a Promise. On this day, the Polio Eradication Strategy was launched. It delivers on a promise that was made many years ago. There is now a 99.9% reduction in the transmission of this disease .
Giving children polio shots according to the vaccination schedule is crucial. It is the only way to eradicate this disease. Creating awareness globally can help prevent the spread of this disease. Follow your kid’s vaccination schedule and don’t miss out on giving polio drops. Find health centers to get vaccinated with ease on Bajaj Finserv Health. Set reminders for it and consult with top pediatricians to get a proper immunization schedule. Book an in-person or online consultation on the app or website and protect your child’s health.