Hypertension

A Quick Guide to Hypertension

While blood pressure is necessary for various functions, high BP isn’t ideal

Hypertension is a silent illness and can result in strokes and heart conditions

Eating right, exercising and managing stress help prevent and control high BP

June 1st, 2021
3 mins read
A guide to hypertension causes, diagnosis and treatment

You are said to have hypertension when your blood pressure levels increase drastically because your heart is facing resistance as it pumps. This is usually an outcome of narrowing arteries. The narrower your arteries are, the higher your blood pressure is likely to be. 

Normal blood pressure is said to be 120mm Hg systolic and 80mm Hg diastolic. You’re said to have stage I hypertension if this reading is 130–139mm Hg systolic and 80–89mm Hg diastolic, and stage II hypertension if it is 140mm Hg systolic or higher and 90mm Hg diastolic or higher. 

When it goes untreated, it is possible that hypertension causes arterial damage, memory and brain function issues, blood clots, aneurysms, kidney diseases and most importantly—strokes, heart attacks and heart failure. So, it is imperative that you know all about the illness, from high blood pressure symptoms to management strategies. 

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

Unfortunately, hypertension belongs to the group of illnesses that don’t present physical symptoms. Symptoms of Hypertension may show up only when the condition becomes extremely severe, after years or decades.  

Extreme hypertension symptoms include: 

  • Nose bleeds 
  • Headaches 
  • Chest pain 
  • Blood in urine 
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Vomiting and/or nausea 
  • Palpitations 
  • Dizziness 
  • Blurry vision 

Should you notice any of these extreme signs of high blood pressure, consult with a doctor immediately. 

hypertension symptoms

Prevention of Hypertension

Exercise regularly: Obesity is linked to hypertension in two ways. It directly increases your blood pressure, and can also cause sleep apnoea, which results in secondary hypertension. So, exercise regularly to bring your weight under control.

Lower intake of salt: A diet rich in salt hardens blood vessels, makes them narrower and over time results in high BP. So, monitor your salt intake and completely eliminate processed, packaged and canned foods. 

Quit smoking and control stress: The chemicals present in tobacco damage your blood vessels and constrict arteries. This results in high BP. So, quit smoking and also focus on controlling stress, which is another contributing factor.

Treatment of Hypertension

If you present extreme signs of high blood pressure, the doctor will treat your hypertension symptoms first or the underlying condition. Otherwise, doctors will recommend lifestyle changes first and then medication. 

Since watching out for high BP symptoms is an ineffective way of addressing hypertension, make sure that you get your blood pressure checked by a doctor at least once a year.  

Also Read: High Blood Pressure treatment at home

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