Gastroenterologists have many specialisations that they may choose to pursue. Before starting an advanced degree, aspiring doctors have to complete an MBBS degree for 5.5 years, which is the core graduate medical programme. Thereafter, they need to fulfil the requirements of a master’s programme which has a duration of two years. Post that, they undertake a three-year doctoral course.
A gastro doctor may be a general gastroenterologist or be a specialist. These include:
As gastroenterology encompasses a wide range of internal organs, diverse groups of functions as well as several diseases, conditions and disorders, the symptoms can be difficult to identify. Nevertheless, the signs are almost always accompanied by acute abdominal pain. Some other common gastroenterological indications are mentioned below, so that you know when you need to visit a specialist.
You can get treatment for various disorders at gastro clinics. The procedures given below are the most commonly prescribed in Delhi.
Endoscopy: This is by far the most frequently prescribed test by a gastroenterology specialist. Here, the doctor will use a long, thin and flexible tube with a camera on top for examining the internal part of the GI tract. The apparatus enables the physician to view the extent or severity of the disease or illness. Thus, a doctor uses it to make a diagnosis with accuracy as well as to plan the appropriate treatment.
ERCP: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography combines different techniques, such as endoscopy and fluoroscopy, into one for determining the root cause or problems in the pancreaticobiliary system.
Sigmoidoscopy: Under this test, the doctor will examine the sigmoid colon and rectum for detecting colon cancer, polyps or ulcers in the digestive tract that can hamper an individual’s normal functioning.
Colonoscopy: This is typically used for polyps and cancer diagnosis can also help identify the reasons for internal bleeding in the colon. This is achieved by inserting a narrow flexible tube, which has a mini-camera on top, to enable doctors to assess the core of the colon.
Oesophageal stenting: This procedure is used when a patient has blockages that renders them incapable of consuming solid food without a stent. This condition may arise due to factors such as a peptic oesophageal stricture, a tracheoesophageal fistula or a oesophageal perforation, to name a few.
Illnesses or symptoms for which you can consult a gastroenterologist are given below.