Asthma is a respiratory disease wherein a person experiences inflammation and irritation in the airways of the lungs. Simply put, an asthmatic faces difficulty in breathing normally. The patient may also face intermittent attacks of shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing. Read on to understand the causes of asthma, options for asthma treatment in Pune, and how to find the best asthma specialist in Pune.
An asthmatic usually has breathing difficulties or other symptoms either early in the morning or at night. During an asthma attack, there is constriction in the muscles surrounding the airways, which decrease in diameter. Hence, the air flow is reduced, while the inflammation of the airways is increased. Mucus produced in the airways further restricts the airflow. To get the right asthma treatment in Pune, it is important to first understand the normal breathing process. Usually, with every intake of breath, air goes in through the nose or mouth and into the throat and airways, and ultimately into the lungs. Symptoms are visible when there is swelling in the lining of the airways and tightening of the muscles around them. Subsequently, mucus fills the airways and further decreases the amount of air that can pass through. Such conditions can trigger an asthma attack.
Several facets of a person's immediate environment can lead to asthma. It is also considered a common infection in kids. Other primary causes of asthma are stress, pregnancy, allergies, smoking tobacco, pollution, high humidity, and hereditary factors.
Asthma can be categorised under different categories. While the main type is bronchial asthma, other forms are childhood asthma and adult-onset asthma. Besides, there are more specific types of asthma for which you can visit a asthma specialist in Pune as follows.
Extrinsic or allergic asthma
A person experiences this type of asthma due to allergens such as food, pollen, mould, dust etc. This condition can occur concurrently with other seasonal allergic reactions.
The main causes of this condition are dust mites, heartburn, etc. and a person’s normal sleep cycle can also be a cause for concern. The symptoms of this type deteriorate at night.
Cough-variant asthma (CVA)
The symptoms of this type are not the usual ones such as shortness of breath or wheezing. The more prevalent sign is a continuous and dry cough.
Non-allergic asthma or intrinsic asthma
This condition can occur due to irritants in the air such as cold air, cigarette smoke, burning wood, air pollution, air fresheners and perfumes.
This type is ascribed to triggers in workplaces such as dyes, dust, chemicals, rubber latex and more.
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB)
This type normally occurs within the first few minutes of commencing the exercise and up to 10–15 minutes after completion of a physical activity. For instance, aerobic exercises can lead to a deterioration in symptoms related to asthma. The condition was earlier referred to as exercise-induced asthma (EIA).
Specific indications under asthma are a squealing or whistling sound while breathing or wheezing. Other usual symptoms include difficulty in talking, anxiety or panic attacks, coughing at night or during an ongoing physical activity, fatigue, and chest tightness. However, the signs are distinct for each type of asthma and not all patients have the same indications. If the symptoms experienced by you or your family member are indicative of asthma, consult the best asthma specialist in Pune at once.
Asthma refers to a respiratory tract condition but does not have a permanent cure. Nevertheless, several effective treatments are expected to lower the symptoms. An asthma specialist in Pune can recommend medications and lifestyle alterations for an improvement in the quality of life for a patient.
Normally, an asthma specialist doctor in Pune prescribes regular medication as they may take a long time to offer relief. The remedies include bronchodilators, combination inhalers, quick-relief medications, long-term treatments, allergy medicines, bronchial thermaplasty and more. Also, a patient can opt for alternative healing treatments as they are supposed to have the least side effects. For example, you can look for asthma ayurvedic treatment in Pune.
Pediatricians, pulmonary rehabilitation therapists and pulmonologists are medical professionals who you can approach for asthma treatment in Pune.
The consultation fee for an asthma specialist in Pune is approximately Rs. 300 onwards.
As per asthma specialists in Pune, allergies related to food need to be considered in the discussion of asthma. This can arise when the immune system specifically reacts to protein-rich foods. Besides, there is no convincing proof that certain types of diet can have a significant impact on the severity or occurrence of asthma attacks. However, an asthmatic can gain from adopting a well-balanced diet including plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Coming to breathing exercises, the ones most recommended for asthma patients include yoga breathing, nasal breathing and diaphragmatic breathing.
Use the handy Bajaj Finserv Health App to find an asthma specialist in Pune near you. This digital tool comes with a smart search feature that enables you to find a relevant doctor based on proximity, experience, and fee. Moreover, you can schedule appointments on the app too and schedule a visit for an asthma treatment in Pune in person or consult an asthma specialist doctor in Pune via video to avoid travel. You can also discover the app’s other features and deals to make healthcare easier, affordable and more convenient for yourself and your family. To get started download the app for free from the App Store or Google Play.