ENT: All About Your Ear, Nose & Throat Health

Did you know that sleep apnea is one of the most critical ENT diseases? In this section, get to know about the various ear nose and throat diseases, the areas they effect, and their remedies.

All About Your Ear, Nose & Throat Health

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Wondering what is ENT? It stands for ear nose throat. It is a popular term to refer to an ENT specialist, an otolaryngologist, or to the region in your body that is overseen by this specialized doctor. The doctors who specialize in ENT or otolaryngology treat conditions that affect your throat, nose and ears. Conducting head and neck surgery also falls under the responsibilities of an ENT specialist. Read on to know about ENT diseases treated by an otolaryngologist, and how you can watch out for them.

List of ear, nose, and throat diseases treated by ENT doctors

Ear diseases

Ears help us not only in hearing, but also to maintain our balance. Here are the ear conditions that an ENT specialist addresses:

  • Chronic pain in ear
  • Dysfunction of the eustachian tube
  • Conditions in the inner ear, such as Meniere’s disease
  • Vertigo or dizziness
  • Ear infections
  • Otosclerosis
  • Fractures in temporal bone
  • Impacted earwax
  • Loss of hearing ability
  • Tinnitus
  • Damaged eardrum
  • Tumors inside ears
  • Fluid accumulation in middle ear

Nose diseases

Our nose helps us to breathe and smell. Nasal conditions that fall under the responsibilities of ENT doctors are the following:

  • Rhinitis
  • Nosebleeds
  • Sinusitis
  • Postnasal drip
  • Nasally obstructed breathing
  • Nasal polyps
  • smell disorders
  • deviated septum

Throat diseases

Any condition in your throat affects functions like speaking, breathing and swallowing foods or liquids. Throat conditions treated by an ENT specialist include the following:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Airway issues like subglottic stenosis
  • Hoarseness in the voice
  • Conditions affecting the tonsils and adenoids
  • Swallowing disorders
  • Snoring
  • Sore throat
  • Laryngitis
  • Disorders in vocal cord
  • Tumors in your throat

Allergies or allergic rhinitis

Common symptoms include:

  • Watery eyes
  • Congestion
  • Sneezing
  • Red and itchy eyes
  • Post-nasal drip
  • Itchy nose
  • Dark circles visible around the eyes

Sleep apnea

This condition is marked by momentary stoppage in breathing while you are sleeping. Sleep apnea may have a link with your diet, lifestyle choice or genes. Here are a few possible identifying traits of sleep apnea:

  • Restlessness
  • Sleepiness throughout the day
  • Rapid mood swings
  • Frequent break in sleep during night
  • Loud snores caused by breathlessness during sleep
  • Headache and dry throat after waking up

Head and neck conditions

Apart from the usual ENT diseases, an otolaryngologist also treats the following conditions related to head and neck region.

  • Conditions related to thyroid
  • Infections of the head or neck
  • Tumors developed in your head or neck
  • Neck masses developed by birth
  • Any type of deformities or injuries in your face, such as reconstructive or plastic surgery
  • Free flap reconstruction

How to keep your ear, nose and throat in proper condition

Now that you know about the diseases an ENT specialist treats, it is important to take precautionary measures to keep those conditions at bay. Here’s how you can look after the health of your ear, nose and throat:

  • Protect your ear in the following ways
  • Stay away from active or passive smoking
  • Maintain distance from people who have contagious respiratory infections
  • If you have allergies, make sure to get the problem diagnosed and start treatment
  • Protect yourself from sinus infections in the following ways
  • In case you have a cold, keep your nasal passages unblocked with the help of a nasal spray 
  • Avoid transportation by flight if you have a cold; if it is the only option, make sure to nasal spray or decongestant to keep your nasal passage free
  • If you have severe sinusitis, take saline nasal spray
  • Protect yourself from sore throat in the following ways
  • Follow good hygiene practices such as washing your hands frequently
  • Stay away from smoking
  • If the air quality of the place you are in is poor, spend as much time outdoors as possible
  • In case you are having esophageal reflux, get started with the treatment
  • Protect yourself from sleep apnea in the following ways
  • Do not take alcohol or sedatives before going to bed
  • Make sure to have a healthy body weight
  • Stay away from smoking
  • Visit an ENT specialist to check whether you have polyps, tonsilitis, or other conditions, which are causing airway obstruction

Areas in which ENT doctors may further specialize:

  • Pediatrics
  • Neurology
  • Sleep medicine
  • Cancers of the head and neck
  • Sinus conditions
  • Reconstructive surgery
  • Allergies
  • Balance problems
  • Cosmetic surgery
  • Swallowing issues
  • Vocal conditions

While it is important to take care of the health of your ear, nose and throat, there are times like change of season, or situations like travelling to a new place, which can affect your otolaryngeal system. For best advice, you can consult an ENT specialist online on Bajaj Finserv Health. Choose from 8,400+ doctors across 45+ specialties consulting in 17+ languages. You can decide a time of consultation as per your flexibility on this app or website. 

To get coverage for all ENT conditions and more, you can also buy a Complete Health Solution Plan under Aarogya Care and enjoy a comprehensive healthcare cover for yourself and your family. Here are a few benefits that come with these medical insurance plans:

  • Cover of up to Rs.10 lakh for 2 adults and 4 children 
  • In-patient as well as pre- and post-hospitalization cover 
  • Daycare coverage
  • Network discounts
  • Lab and radiology benefits
  • Organ transplantation cover
  • COVID care coverage
  • Coverage for homeopathic and ayurvedic treatment during your hospital stay
  • Coverage for medical equipment used in surgery

Sign up for an Aarogya Care plan without delay and make sure you give your ear, nose and throat the attention they deserve! 

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