DisclaimerThe cost of surgery in different hospitals may vary and is subject to change, please consult with the specific hospital for accurate and up-to-date information.
Kidney Stone Removal
Renal calculi, commonly called kidney stones, are solid formations comprised of minerals and salts that originate within the kidneys. These formations vary in size and composition, leading to pronounced discomfort and pain. Fortunately, a variety of effective kidney stone treatments are available, ranging from minimally invasive approaches to surgical interventions. Seasoned nephrologists in Chennai offer expert guidance and support to individuals grappling with kidney-related concerns.
Lithotripsy: Fragmenting Stones Using Sound Waves
The technique of lithotripsy, a widely employed non-invasive procedure, involves breaking down kidney stones into smaller fragments through the use of shock waves. This method is especially effective for stones with a diameter of less than 2 centimeters. Lithotripsy can be categorized into two main types:
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)
ESWL, a frequently performed procedure, utilizes shock waves generated externally and directed toward the kidney stone. These shock waves permeate the skin and surrounding tissues, precisely targeting the stone. Consequently, the stone fractures into smaller pieces, which can then be expelled from the body via the urinary tract. ESWL is typically conducted on an outpatient basis, entailing minimal to no recovery time.
Intracorporeal lithotripsy involves the insertion of specialized instruments into the urinary tract to directly break down kidney stones. This approach is often chosen for larger stones or instances where ESWL proves ineffective. Techniques like laser lithotripsy leverage laser energy to disintegrate the stone into smaller fragments, streamlining their removal.
DJ Stenting: Facilitating Passage and Recovery
DJ stenting, also referred to as ureteral stenting, entails the insertion of a slender tube (stent) within the ureter, the conduit linking the kidney and the bladder. This stent serves to alleviate any obstructions caused by kidney stones, ensuring unhindered urine flow. DJ stenting is particularly beneficial when complications such as infection or kidney impairment due to blockages are anticipated. Additionally, it can be employed before or after other procedures to ensure proper drainage.
Medications for Kidney Stones: Dissolution and Prevention
Medications designed for kidney stones play a pivotal role in both treating and preventing these formations. Various medications are prescribed based on the composition of the stones and the patient's medical history:
Pain Management Medications
Amid the passage of kidney stones, patients frequently endure excruciating pain. Pain-relieving agents, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or opioids, are administered to alleviate discomfort until the stone is either naturally expelled or treated.
Alpha blocker medications work by relaxing the muscles of the ureter, facilitating the passage of stones. These medications enhance the likelihood of spontaneous stone passage, particularly in cases involving smaller stones.
Medications for Uric Acid Stones
For uric acid stones, medications such as allopurinol may be prescribed to lower uric acid levels within the body, thereby preventing future stone formation.
Diuretics increase urine production, aiding in flushing out small stones and preventing their formation by reducing mineral concentration in urine.
In the realm of kidney stone treatment, notable advancements have emerged, providing a spectrum of choices for individuals grappling with renal calculi. Non-invasive techniques like lithotripsy, encompassing both ESWL and intracorporeal lithotripsy, present effective means of stone disintegration. DJ stenting contributes significantly to maintaining unobstructed urine flow and assumes a pivotal role in preventing complications. Tailored kidney stone medications, considering stone composition and patient history, play a crucial role in pain management, stone dissolution, and prevention. If you suspect the presence of a kidney stone, seeking the expertise of trustworthy physicians in Chennai is recommended for accurate diagnosis and guidance.
The average cost of kidney stone removal in chennai can vary depending on several factors, including the complexity of the case, the chosen healthcare provider, the facilities provided, and any additional services required. However, it typically ranges from 12756 to 151000 INR.
Many hospitals in chennai offer financing options or payment plans to assist patients with managing the cost of kidney stone removal. These options can help make the procedure more affordable and accessible. It is recommended to inquire about available financing options directly with the healthcare provider or hospital.
The success rate of kidney stone removal in chennai can vary depending on several factors, including the type of procedure, the individual patient's condition, and the expertise of the healthcare provider. It is advisable to consult with a reputable healthcare provider or specialist in chennai who can provide you with more specific information regarding success rates.