PCOD is often confused or used interchangeably with PCOS, but the two are slightly different
There are numerous ways in which a PCOD problem can affect the body
With a clear understanding of the PCOD problem, solution and effects on everyday life, you’re better prepared for it
A 2020 report indicates that 1 in 8 women in India suffer from PCOD. The PCOD full form is Polycystic Ovarian Disease and it is known to afflict women at a young age. PCOD is often confused or used interchangeably with PCOS, but the two are slightly different. PCOD is a very common endocrine disorder that results in hormonal imbalances and a specifically heightened production of the hormone androgen. Complications with this problem include multiple small cysts in the ovaries and anovulation.
Unfortunately, there is no known cure to PCOD, and treatment typically relies on controlling its symptoms through multidisciplinary care. In some cases, besides a gynaecologist, women with this disease may also have to consult an infertility expert, endocrinologist, dietician and dermatologist for optimal care.
Understanding the PCOD problem is important because if left uncontrolled, it can have severe effects on your health and, in some cases, even lead to cancer. This is why you should know all you can about it, so that you’re prepared to take action at the first warning sign. Here is a detailed breakdown of this condition, including common PCOD symptoms, causes and ways in which it affects your body.
Additional Read: PCOD vs PCOS: The important differences and similarities to know
While the exact cause for the PCOD problem isn’t known to doctors, there are a few known factors that play a hand in its development. There is research that suggests that the disease is genetic and passed down through hereditary links. Besides this, resistance to insulin, obesity, early menarche and 2 other factors are also linked to the onset of PCOD. Here’s a brief overview of these.
With the PCOD problem, symptoms can start early but are rarely detected at any early age. For other women, symptoms may only surface later in life. Among the most common is the condition called oligomenorrhea. Here, a woman with PCOD may have irregular periods, which prevent a regular menstrual cycle. In fact, many women with this disease have less than 9 menstrual cycles in a year. In addition to this, there are 7 other symptoms to be aware of. They are as follows.
There are numerous ways in which a PCOD problem can affect the body. The higher-than-normal androgen levels mainly affect fertility, but can also have an adverse impact on health. To help you understand the true implications of this conditions, here is a list of all the ways PCOD can affect the body:
Once diagnosed, the treatment for PCOD is mainly aimed at controlling its symptoms. This is because there is no known cure for PCOD. In terms of treatment, different cooperative medications can be used to regulate menstrual cycles. Moreover, medication such as spironolactone can be used to bring down androgen levels and thereby decrease acne and excessive hair growth.
Another treatment option is the Metformin drug. This improves insulin levels and helps restore normal bodily functions, working best when paired with exercise and diet. For the truly serious cases, surgery is also an option that can work favourably to treat PCOD. Here, a procedure known as ovarian drilling is performed to restore a normal ovulation cycle.
Additional Read: PCOD Diet: foods to eat and foods to avoid
With a clear understanding of the PCOD problem, solution and effects on everyday life, you’re better prepared for it. In fact, if you’re experiencing any of the symptoms, it is well worth contacting a specialist to know how to proceed in the best possible manner. A good way to get the best care is to opt for a specialist such as a gynaecologist.
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