DisclaimerThe cost of surgery in different hospitals may vary and is subject to change, please consult with the specific hospital for accurate and up-to-date information.
Kidney Stone Removal: Treatment Options and Procedures
Kidney stones are basically solid deposits of minerals and salts that form in the kidneys. They are also called renal calculi. These stones can be different in size and composition, causing severe pain and discomfort. Fortunately, there are several effective methods for kidney stone removal, ranging from non-invasive treatments to surgical procedures. There are several experienced nephrologists in Delhi who can help you with kidney related issues.
1. Lithotripsy: Breaking Down Stones with Sound Waves
Lithotripsy, a widely used non-invasive procedure, involves breaking down kidney stones into smaller fragments using shock waves. This approach is particularly suitable for stones that are less than 2 centimeters in diameter. There are two main types of lithotripsy:
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)
ESWL is a commonly performed procedure where shock waves are created outside the body and directed towards the kidney stone. These shock waves pass through the skin and tissues, targeting the stone. The stone then fragments into smaller pieces that can then be easily passed out from the body through the urinary tract. ESWL is usually performed on an outpatient basis and requires little to no recovery time.
Intracorporeal lithotripsy involves the use of specialized instruments inserted into the urinary tract to directly break down kidney stones. This approach is often used for larger stones or when ESWL is not effective. Techniques like laser lithotripsy use laser energy to break the stone into smaller pieces, facilitating their removal.
2. DJ Stenting: Facilitating Passage and Recovery
DJ stenting, also known as ureteral stenting, is a procedure that involves placing a thin tube (stent) into the ureter, the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder. This tube helps to alleviate any obstruction caused by the kidney stone and allows urine to flow freely. DJ stenting is particularly useful when there is a risk of complications such as infection or kidney damage due to blockage. It can also be used before or after other procedures to ensure proper drainage.
3. Kidney Stone Medications: Dissolving and Preventing Stones
Kidney stone medications play a vital role in the treatment and prevention of kidney stones. Different types of medications are used based on the composition of the stones and the patient's medical history:
During the passage of kidney stones, patients often experience excruciating pain. Pain relievers, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or opioids, are prescribed to manage pain until the stone is passed or treated.
Alpha blocker medications help relax the muscles of the ureter, easing the passing of the stone. These medications can increase the chances of spontaneous stone passage, especially for smaller stones.
Uric Acid Stone Medications
For uric acid stones, medications like allopurinol may be prescribed to reduce the uric acid levels of the body, which can help prevent future stone formation.
Diuretics increase urine production, which can help flush out small stones or prevent their formation by reducing mineral concentration in the urine.
Kidney stone treatment has evolved significantly, offering a range of options for patients suffering from renal calculi. Non-invasive approaches like lithotripsy, including ESWL and intracorporeal lithotripsy, provide effective stone fragmentation. DJ stenting aids in maintaining proper urine flow and can be crucial in preventing complications. Kidney stone medications, tailored to stone composition and patient history, play a key role in pain management, stone dissolution, and prevention. If you are experiencing any symptoms that may indicate kidney issues, consult with a good nephrologist in Delhi for timely diagnosis and effective treatment.
The average cost of kidney stone removal in central-delhi can vary depending on several factors, including the complexity of the case, the chosen healthcare provider, the facilities provided, and any additional services required. However, it typically ranges from 16013 to 251000 INR.
Many hospitals in central-delhi offer financing options or payment plans to assist patients with managing the cost of kidney stone removal. These options can help make the procedure more affordable and accessible. It is recommended to inquire about available financing options directly with the healthcare provider or hospital.
The success rate of kidney stone removal in central-delhi can vary depending on several factors, including the type of procedure, the individual patient's condition, and the expertise of the healthcare provider. It is advisable to consult with a reputable healthcare provider or specialist in central-delhi who can provide you with more specific information regarding success rates.