THYROID
May 14th, 2021
6 mins read

Thyroid Diet: A comprehensive guide on what you should eat and avoid

As of 2017, a diagnostic lab found that hypothyroidism is widespread in North India, and West and South India

If you are a thyroid patient, minerals such as iodine, selenium, iron and zinc are essential

Find out the foods to eat or avoid & get a thyroid diet chart

Within your body, the thyroid gland produces hormones. If it produces these hormones in excess or doesn’t produce enough, you’re diagnosed with a thyroid disorder. In the event that your body produces too much thyroid hormone, you suffer from hyperthyroidism. Likewise, if you produce insufficient thyroid hormone, you suffer from hypothyroidism.

As of 2017, a diagnostic lab found that hypothyroidism is widespread in North India, and West and South India reported more cases of hyperthyroidism. More recently, in 2019, a study found that 1 out of 10 Indian adults suffer from hypothyroidism. When uncontrolled, it can lead to obesity, joint pain, heart disease and even infertility. 

To treat thyroid disorders, doctors prescribe medication that restores the balance of hormones produced by the thyroid gland in your body. However, you can supplement these efforts with the right diet. Take a look at how food is linked to thyroid, the items to add to your thyroid diet, and ones to avoid.

How does diet impact thyroid?

If you are a thyroid patient, minerals such as iodine, selenium, iron and zinc are among the nutrients that are essential for your body. However, if you don’t eat the right foods in the right quantities, you may not get these essential nutrients. Conversely, certain foods may absorb these nutrients from your body, depleting their reserves, or block your thyroid gland from absorbing them. This in turn can result in complications such as goitre. Keeping this in mind, take a look at the foods that are best food for thyroid and the foods you should avoid.

What is the best food for thyroid?

If you are among the many Indians who suffer from hypothyroidism, consider adding the following foods to your diet to restore thyroid function and alleviate symptoms that accompany thyroid. 

Eggs 

Eggs are one of the best food for thyroid, as they are rich in both iodine and selenium. A single egg contains roughly 16% and 20% of your daily requirement of iodine and selenium, respectively. However, for maximum benefit from this superfood, be sure to eat the whole egg and not just the egg white! 

Yogurt 

Yogurt or curd is also a good addition to your thyroid diet. Apart from keeping you cool and providing your body with healthy fats, yogurt gives your body the iodine it needs. If you’re watching your weight, you can opt for low-fat yogurt. 

Seaweed

Seaweed may seem like an unusual ingredient, but it’s a must-add to any thyroid diet as it is rich in iodine. That said, seaweed is a double-edged sword. There is such a thing as too much iodine and a 1gm portion of seaweed can some time pack in a whopping 1,989% of your recommended daily allowance of iodine. So, it’s a good idea to snack on seaweed in moderation and read the nutrition label on its packaging carefully. 

Shellfish  

Shellfish such as shrimp, prawns, oysters, crab and lobster are excellent for when you’re looking to combat hypothyroidism through your diet. In addition to iodine, they also comprise zinc, another essential nutrient for those suffering from this condition. If you are allergic to shellfish, you can also eat other seafood such as cod, salmon, tuna or seabass. Optionally, you can add chicken to your diet, preferably the dark meat, which contains more zinc. 

Additional Read: Home Remedies for Thyroid Problems

What foods should you avoid as a thyroid patient? 

Once you know that you suffer from a thyroid disorder, it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with the food to avoid in thyroid. This list includes soy, as it contains phytoestrogen, which can cause your oestrogen levels to shoot up. An increased production of oestrogen can, in turn, hamper thyroid hormone production.  

Cruciferous vegetables, such as kale, broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower can also be harmful, in varying degrees, if you consume them in large quantities. When consumed in excess they can prevent the thyroid gland from getting the iodine it needs. Lastly, while it isn’t a food to avoid in thyroid per se, it’s best that you refrain from drinking alcohol. It suppresses the gland’s ability to produce thyroid hormone. 

What should a vegetarian thyroid diet chart comprise?

If you suffer from thyroid, take a look at the following thyroid diet chart to understand the dishes you should incorporate into your day. 

best foods for thyroid

Additional Read: Best food for thyroid with a simple thyroid diet chart

By making simple changes to your diet, you can ensure that you are aiding in your recovery as a thyroid patient. For best results, be sure to consult with a general practitioner or endocrinologist at periodic intervals. This will allow you to track your condition closely and the doctor will be able to alter your treatment plan if necessary, in a timely manner. To find the best doctor for your needs, download the Bajaj Finserv Health App from the app store on your smartphone. 

View a list of specialists along with their fee, years of expertise and more. Book an in-person visit or e-consult through the app and also get discounts and special offers from partner healthcare providers. Additionally, to enjoy useful features like health plans for the family, medicine reminders and more, download the app right away! 

Please note that this article is solely meant for informational purposes and Bajaj Finserv Health Limited (“BFHL”) does not shoulder any responsibility of the views/advice/information expressed/given by the writer/reviewer/originator. This article should not be considered as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always consult with your trusted physician/qualified healthcare professional to evaluate your medical condition. The above article has been reviewed by a qualified doctor and BFHL is not responsible for any damages for any information or services provided by any third party.

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