Acidity, also known as acid reflux is a condition, is characterized by burning sensation in the lower part of the chest
Chronic or long-term GERD can lead to some serious complications
When the acid reflux is occurring more than twice a week, it is diagnosed as GERD
Acidity which is also called as acid reflux is a condition which is characterized by burning sensation in the lower part of the chest area and can be accompanied with pain. Many of us suffer from this condition time and again, but do we actually know how and why is it caused?
To digest the food, our stomach normally produces acid; hydrochloric acid. A ring of muscle is present at the entrance of the stomach which is known as lower esophageal sphincter (LES). When the food enters the stomach through the food pipe or the esophagus, this valve LES closes to prevent the acid or the stomach contents to move up into the esophagus. When this valve doesn’t close properly or opens often, it can lead to acid reflux causing symptoms like chest discomfort or heartburn. Along with heartburn, one can also experience some regurgitation which causes sour or bitter tasting acid in your mouth or throat. Other symptoms can include frequent burping, nausea, difficulty in swallowing, restlessness, indigestion, dry cough etc.
When the acid reflux is occurring more than twice a week, it is diagnosed as GERD; Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Chronic or long-term GERD can lead to some serious complications like:
Damage to the esophagus: Conditions like esophagitis (inflammation of esophagus), esophageal stricture (narrowing of esophagus), Barrett’s esophagus (permanent damage to the lining of esophagus).
Tooth enamel erosion leading to cavities.
Bad food and lifestyle habits are the major culprits for acidity, but not many realize that. Hereditary can also be one of the factors. Let’s check out the reasons for acidity in depth:
Pregnancy can also cause acidity due to the pressure on the intestinal organs. Similarly, obesity is also a risk factor associated with acidity.
While certain times it is unavoidable, but there are surely certain steps one can take to either prevent it or lessen the severity of the acidity. It demands certain lifestyle modifications and changes in habits, but the results can improve your health and avoid unwanted complications.
Many people prefer home remedies over medications to cure acidity. Here are some natural remedies which are been used since years as a cure of acidity:
Although home remedies work well with most of the mild cases, but one should see a doctor if the problem persists or is repetitive. Chronic acidity can cause esophageal damage and other complications. Try to make good choices with foods, avoid bad food and lifestyle habits and you can win this battle against acidity! It is always better to prevent than cure.